Chapter 8 Carbon Chemistry
How many bonds can carbon form?
What kind of structural bonds can carbon form?
straight, branched, ring
What are the four forms of the element carbon?
diamond, graphite, fullerenes, and nanotubes
What form of carbon is extremely hard and nonreactive?
What form of carbon is bonded tightly to three other carbon atoms in flat layers?
A carbon atom arranged in the shape of a hollow sphere is known as what?
A carbon atom arranged in the shape of a long, hollow cylinder is known as what?
What are similar properties that organic compounds share?
melting point, boiling point, odor, electrical conductivity, solubility
Hydrocarbons are composed of what two kinds of elements?
carbon and hydrogen
What mixes poorly with water and are flammable?
What kinds of structures can hydrocarbons form?
straight, branched, ring-shaped
Compounds that have the same chemical formula, but different structural formulas are known as what?
What kind of bonds can carbon atoms form?
single, double, triple
Methane, ethane, propane, and butane are all explains of what kind of hydrocarbons?
Hydrocarbons with the -ene or -yne ending are?
In a substituted hydrocarbon, an atom of another element replaces a(an)..?
An alcohol is a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more what kind of groups?
The group -COOH is characteristic of?
Polymers are composed of smaller molecules known as?
What are the building blocks of proteins?
Synthetic polymers that can be molded or shaped are?
What is a composite?
when two or more substances have been combined into a new material with different properties
What is an example of a natural composite?
What have pleasant, fruity smells?
What are the four classes of organic compounds required for life?
carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids
What is a carbohydrate?
an energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
The chemical formula C6H12O6 is for what important sugar?
Plants store energy in the form of what complex carbohydrate?
Most fruits and vegetables are high in what complex carbohydrate?
What does the body use proteins for?
to build and repair body parts and regulate cell activities
What is a lipid?
energy-rich compounds made of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen