##### Fraction Vocabulary

fraction

a symbol such as 2/3 used to name a part of a whole, a part of a set, a location on a number line, or division of whole numbers

denominator

the number below the fraction bar in a fraction, the total number of equal pieces in all

numerator

the number above the fraction bar in a fraction, the number of pieces you are talking about

benchmark fraction

fractions that are commonly used to estimate: 1/4, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3, and 3/4

equivalent fraction

fractions that are equal in size

prime number

a whole number greater than 1 that has exactly 2 factors: itself and 1

composite number

a whole number greater than 1 with more than 2 factors

factor

numbers that are multiplied together to find a product

common factors

a factor that is the same for two or more numbers

set

mixed number

a whole number and a fraction

improper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is greater than or equal to its denominator

greater than

>, compares two fractions, shows that one fraction is larger than another

less than

<, compares two fractions, shows that one fraction is less than another