history chp 12

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created 7 years ago by gracie_smith_2001
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1

who was Muhammad?

was born in 570 in Mecca was orphaned and loved to listen to the stories about God

2

who did he see in a vision

he believes he saw the angel Gabriel

3

what did the angel tell him

he was to be the prophet of Allah

4

why did the leaders not like his teachings about one God

they feared they would lose their influence and people would stop coming to the Ka'ba and this would hurt Mecca's economy

5

why did Muhammad and his followers have to flee Mecca

persecution

6

where did they flee

Medina

7

when and what was this called

622 Hegira

8

what did he call his new religion

Islam

9

what are the followers of Islam called

Muslims

10

why did Muhammad return to mecca

to destroy the 350 idols in the Ka'ba

11

what is the book of Islam

the Qur'an

12

what happened after Muhammad's death

questions were raised about who should replace him as caliph, these disagreements led to the creation of 2 groups of muslims

13

what were the 2 groups

the Sunnis and the Shi'ites the Sunnis believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor and that one could be chosen by a vote the Shi'ites believe that he appointed his son-in-law Ali to be caliph

14

about what percentage of muslims are Sunnis

90%

15

how did muslim leaders spread Islam

by jihads or holy wars

16

where did it spread

to North Africa into Spain from the Byzantine Empire to India

17

the battle of Tours prevented what

the Islamic Moors from taking Islam to Western Europe

18

what is Baghdad

it is the capital it was the center of trade and learning

19

muslim literacy was very high at a time when most people in Europe could not read or write

muslims preserved the knowledge of ancient Greece and Rome in their libraries

20

how did Arabs treat each other

became rich and controlled most of the important trade routes improved farming methods respected other cultures

21

what did muslims achieve in medicine

they built hospitals and studied WHY people got sick they made the study of medicine a science and carefully trained their doctors

22

who is known as the Father of Chemistry

jabir

23

what did muslims achieve in science and math

figured out that the earth is round studied light learned how to curve a lens and make things look bigger

24

who was Al-Razi

wrote 25 books about medicine

25

what did the arabs borrow from india

the # system that we use today

26

what did the arabs borrow from the Hindus

the decimal system

27

what is Islamic art like

never shows people or animals decorated mosques with designs and writing

28

who was a poet

Omar

29

he wrote what

about nature and love the Arabian Nights

30

what food words do we get from arabic

sherbert limes oranges artichokes sugar syrup

31

what are other words we get from them

algebra alcohol cotton mohair alkali zenith tariff zero sofa sultan admiral

32

Shahadah

dectoration of faith

33

salah

praying

34

zakat

donating money

35

sawm

fasting

36

hajj

pilgrimage to Mecca

37

khian

circumsision

38

ashura

whip& cut

39

clothing

boys= no girl clothing
girls= hijab

40

marriage

arranged

41

yagli gures

wrestling first one to expose umbilicus to heaven looses