history chp. 11
how was the Byzantine Empire like Rome?
the architecture, senate, emperor, army was separated into legions
how did Rome and Constantinople differ?
in C. they were and spoke Greek, C. was located on a major trade route, C. was a Christian city with many beautiful churches
who was a the greatest of the Byzantine Emperors?
why was he the greatest?
he won back old Roman lands, constructing a code of laws, and made C. more beautiful and powerful
what lands did he gain back?
Italy, Syria, Egypt, and other parts of north Africa
What was the code of Laws
the Justinian Code; based on the Twelve Tables of Roman Law,
what did he smuggle into C.
mulberry trees and silk worms
what did this act end?
china's monopoly on silk
how did he make it more beautiful
he used his money to build a government also built the Hagia Sophia
what is the Hagia Sophia?
church, 180 foot tall ceiling, beautiful mosaics
who was Theodora
Justinian's wife, emeroress
how did Theodora INFLUENCE Justinian
convinced him on making laws that were fairer to women, wanted important jobs given to go to the people who could do the best job, wanted religious freedom for all Christians
what split the Christian Church
many didnt want the emperor in control of the church, the use of icons
who kept the use of icons
who didnt keep the icons
why did the Empire decline
civil war broke out on who should be the next emperor, the empire faced attacks,
who attacked the empire?
Persians, Slavs, Vikings, Mongols, and Muslim Turks