history chp. 11

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created 7 years ago by gracie_smith_2001
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1

how was the Byzantine Empire like Rome?

the architecture, senate, emperor, army was separated into legions

2

how did Rome and Constantinople differ?

in C. they were and spoke Greek, C. was located on a major trade route, C. was a Christian city with many beautiful churches

3

who was a the greatest of the Byzantine Emperors?

Justinian 1

4

why was he the greatest?

he won back old Roman lands, constructing a code of laws, and made C. more beautiful and powerful

5

what lands did he gain back?

Italy, Syria, Egypt, and other parts of north Africa

6

What was the code of Laws

the Justinian Code; based on the Twelve Tables of Roman Law,

7

what did he smuggle into C.

mulberry trees and silk worms

8

what did this act end?

china's monopoly on silk

9

how did he make it more beautiful

he used his money to build a government also built the Hagia Sophia

10

what is the Hagia Sophia?

church, 180 foot tall ceiling, beautiful mosaics

11

who was Theodora

Justinian's wife, emeroress

12

how did Theodora INFLUENCE Justinian

convinced him on making laws that were fairer to women, wanted important jobs given to go to the people who could do the best job, wanted religious freedom for all Christians

13

what split the Christian Church

many didnt want the emperor in control of the church, the use of icons

14

who kept the use of icons

Roman Catholic

15

who didnt keep the icons

Eastern Orthodox

16

why did the Empire decline

civil war broke out on who should be the next emperor, the empire faced attacks,

17

who attacked the empire?

Persians, Slavs, Vikings, Mongols, and Muslim Turks