Europe: Historical Understandings Unit Notecards Flashcards


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1

What countries made up the Central Powers?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire(+ Bulgaria)

2

Which two Europen countries controlled most of Africa in the late 1800's?

France and Great Britian

3

What factors led to WWI?

Economic rivalries, rising nationalism, and imperial competition

4

What is Nationalism?

The love of one's country

5

How did the Crusades lead Europeans into the Age of Exploration?

They were not succesful, but Western Europeans learned how to draw better maps and build better ships

6

Why did the Europeans want to colonize Africa?

Europe wanted more sources of raw materials needed for manufacturing

7

Give 3 reasons that Great Britain colonized Austrailia

To keep it out of French control, to have a naval base in the area, and to relieve overcrowded prisons in Great Britian

8

Who claimed Austrailia for Great Britian and who were the first colonists sent there?

Captain James Cook; prisoners

9

What is genocide?

the planned killing of a race of people

10

What actions did the UN take as a result of the Holocaust?

They passed the Genocide Conventon in 1948

11

Give 3 reasons Hitler and the Nazis came to power

Hitler promised to rebuild Germany's military, the Treaty of Versailles angered Germans, and Hitler said he said he would get back Germany's lost land

12

Which of the Allied Powers did not sign the Treaty of Versailles?

U.S.A.

13

What happened to German citizens that spoke out against Hitler?

They were put in prison or murdered

14

List 3 things that caused WWII

German troops controlled Austria & Czechoslavakia, Hitler sent troops to formar Germany, and Germany invaded Poland

15

Who was the leader of the Nazi party?

Adolf Hitler

16

How did the stock market crash affect the citizens of Europe?

They could possibly lose everything they owned

17

What type of government did Czar Nicholas II have?

Autocracy

18

What was the main cause of the Russian Revolution?

There were food shortages in Russia

19

List 3 actions that Vladimir Lenin took after gaining control over Russia?

Gave up large amounts of Russian land to Germany, renamed country as Soviet Union, and created a new peace treaty with Germany

20

What part of the Treaty of Versailles was most damaging to Germany?

Germany had to pay the Allies alot of money

21

Who changed Russia's name?
What did he chane it to?

Vladimer Lenin; Soviet Union

22

How did the Allies hope to keep Germany from becoming to powerful after WWI?

By reducing the size of their army.

23

What were 3 reasons that Henry the Navigator sent ships down south to explore?

1. trade
2. He hoped to spread christianity
3. raw materials

24

What country was the leader of the Eastern Bloc?

Soviet Union

25

What was the signifigance of the Berlin Wall?

To divide Eastern + Western Germany

26

What was the Iron Curtain?

A line dividing the bloc betweenn the western countries

27

When did the Cold War begin?

1945

28

What is required for a country to be labeled a Superpower?

Influence over World Events

29

What marked the end of the Cold War?

When the Berlin Wall collapsed

30

What is human capital? Give an example

When you invest in your workers so they know how to handle the equipment; healthcare+ education

31

What happens when a country does not invest in human capital?

Their workers don't know what they are doing so it takes them longer in order to figure stuff out and they could brake the machine.

32

What is physical capital?

When you invest in your business by buying products that your business needs.

33

What would be the result of a country if they didn't invest in capital improvements?

Their country's businesses would not be very productive and would not have healthy, smart workers. They would have to spend more money on neew equipment and spplies if the workers broke them.