Goverment

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1

Question 1

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2

1.

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3

The gasoline tax is an example of what type of tax?

...

4

Answer

...

5

c.

Benefits received

6

1 points

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7

Question 2

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8

1.

...

9

The income tax became available to the national government with the ratification of which amendment to the United States Constitution?

...

10

Answer

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11

b.

Sixteenth

12

1 points

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13

Question 3

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14

1.

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15

Which of the following is incorrect?

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16

Answer

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17

...

Raising the tax rate guarantees increased revenues.

18

1 points

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19

Question 4

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20

1.

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21

The most common ability-to-pay taxes are levied on all of the following except

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22

Answer

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23

a.

gasoline.

24

1 points

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25

Question 5

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26

1.

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27

Property taxes were once the major source of state revenue until

...

28

Answer

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29

a.

the Great Depression of the 1930s.

30

b.

the war on property.

31

c.

the Progressive Era.

32

1 points

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33

Question 6

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34

1.

...

35

A _________ is a tax on raw material (such as oil and natural gas) when they are extracted from their natural state.

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36

Answer

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37

c.

severance tax

38

1 points

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39

Question 7

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40

1.

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41

A tax imposed with the intent of exerting social or economic control by reducing taxes on approved behaviors or imposing higher taxes on undesirable activities is

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42

Answer

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43

d.

regulatory tax.

44

1 points

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45

Question 8

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46

1.

...

47

General-obligation bonds cannot be used for which of the following?

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48

Answer

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49

a.

Higher education bonds financed by tuition revenue

50

b.

Prison construction

51

c.

Water development

52

1 points

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53

Question 9

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54

1.

...

55

__________ advocate that taxes on higher-income individuals should be kept low to allow them to save and invest to stimulate the economy.

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56

Answer

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57

b.

Supply-siders

58

1 points

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59

Question 10

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60

1.

...

61

Adjusting for population and inflation, state spending grew at an average annual rate of _________ over the last 20 years.

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62

Answer

...

63

a.

4 percent

64

b.

20 percent

65

d.

0.8 percent

66

1 points

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67

Question 11

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68

1.

All the following items have a hidden tax included in their prices except

69

Answer

...

70

d.

real estate.

71

1 points

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72

Question 12

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73

1.

...

74

Declining marginal propensity to consume means

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75

Answer

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76

...

as income increases, spending increases proportionately.

77

...

as income increases, a smaller percentage is spent on consumer goods.

78

...

as income decreases, spending remains constant as a percentage of income.

79

1 points

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80

Question 13

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81

1.

...

82

According to the Davis essay, the slow decrease of support from the state has led many colleges and universities to rely more on

...

83

Answer

...

84

d.

All of the above are true.

85

1 points

...

86

Question 14

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87

1.

...

88

Tax rates that place more of a burden on low- and middle-income taxpayers than on wealthier ones care called

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89

Answer

...

90

b.

regressive tax rates.

91

1 points

...

92

Question 15

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93

1.

...

94

An excise or “sin” tax is levied on the sale, manufacture, or use of all of the following except

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95

Answer

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96

c.

snacks.

97

1 points

...

98

Question 16

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99

1.

...

100

The vast majority of cases heard by municipal courts involve

...

101

Answer

...

102

a.

traffic and parking violations.

103

1 points

...

104

Question 17

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105

1.

...

106

Which court has exclusive jurisdiction to try violations of city ordinances?

...

107

Answer

...

108

a.

Municipal

109

1 points

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110

Question 18

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111

1.

...

112

How many courts of appeals does Texas have?

...

113

Answer

...

114

b.

254

115

c.

36

116

d.

14

117

1 points

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118

Question 19

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119

1.

...

120

Which Texas Court of Criminal Appeals judge refused to take Michael Richards, a death row inmate, appeal after 5 P.M.?

...

121

Answer

...

122

b.

Sharon Keller

123

1 points

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124

Question 20

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125

1.

...

126

Which statement about minorities and the state judicial system is correct?

...

127

Answer

...

128

b.

The system continues to be harshly criticized by representatives of minority groups.

129

1 points

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130

Question 21

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131

1.

...

132

Which of the following is not a criticism of the Texas method of selecting judges?

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133

Answer

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134

a.

Citizens vote for the party without knowing whose running.

135

b.

Large contributions to judges give the appearance of justice being bought.

136

c.

Judges elections are nonpartisan.

137

1 points

...

138

Question 22

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139

1.

...

140

Which of the following is not true about civil cases?

...

141

Answer

...

142

d.

The dispute is usually set out in a petition.

143

1 points

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144

Question 23

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145

1.

...

146

The justice of the peace is elected for a ___-year term.

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147

Answer

...

148

c.

four

149

1 points

...

150

Question 24

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151

1.

...

152

How many members serve in the Grand juries in Texas?

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153

Answer

...

154

b.

Twelve

155

1 points

...

156

Question 25

...

157

1.

...

158

Currently, there are _____district courts, all of which function as single-judge courts.

...

159

Answer

...

160

b.

456

161

1 points

...

162

Question 26

...

163

1.

...

164

Original jurisdiction of a court involves all of the following except

...

165

Answer

...

166

c.

a review of the record.

167

1 points

...

168

Question 27

...

169

1.

...

170

Some Texas grand jurors are selected by which method?

...

171

Answer

...

172

a.

A grand jury commission

173

1 points

...

174

Question 28

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175

1.

...

176

Which of the following statements about the Texas judicial system is incorrect?

...

177

Answer

...

178

a.

Texas courts dealt with over 24 million cases in 2011, or an average of one case for every resident of the state.

179

1 points

...

180

Question 29

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181

1.

...

182

The majority of the cases heard by the Texas Supreme Court are from a

...

183

Answer

...

184

b.

petition for review.

185

1 points

...

186

Question 30

...

187

1.

...

188

The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals has one presiding judge and _________ other judges.

...

189

Answer

...

190

a.

eight

191

1 points

...

192

Question 31

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193

1.

...

194

Which public official is not a member of the Unfunded Mandates Interagency Work Group?

...

195

Answer

...

196

a.

A state senator

197

c.

The lieutenant governor

198

d.

The state auditor

199

1 points

...

200

Question 32

...

201

1.

...

202

In many cities some or all of the city council members are elected by voters of the entire municipality rather than form neighborhood districts. This is called a(n)

...

203

Answer

...

204

a.

at-large city elections.

205

1 points

...

206

Question 33

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207

1.

...

208

Which city governments have officials who act as both executives and legislators?

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209

Answer

...

210

a.

Commissions

211

1 points

...

212

Question 34

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213

1.

...

214

Which of the following statements about a general-law city is correct?

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215

Answer

...

216

a.

It was established in 1912 by a state constitutional amendment.

217

b.

It is an incorporated community with a population of 5,000 or less.

218

d.

It is city with a population of over 5,000.

219

1 points

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220

Question 35

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221

1.

...

222

The unit road system does which of the following?

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223

Answer

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224

a.

It can only be created by a petition from the voters.

225

b.

Requires each county to spend the same amount on roads and bridges

226

c.

Takes the day-to-day responsibility for roads away from individual county commissioners and places it in the hands of a professional engineer

227

d.

...

228

1 points

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229

Question 36

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230

1.

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231

In 2007, Farmers Branch in Dallas, Texas, passed an ordinance that was overturned by the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals; this ordinance was a ban on

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232

Answer

...

233

...

renting apartments to illegal immigrants.

234

1 points

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235

Question 37

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236

1.

...

237

Commissioners are sometimes called __________ because they are responsible for the county roads and bridges within their precincts.

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238

Answer

...

239

a.

administrators

240

b.

road commissioners

241

d.

president

242

1 points

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243

Question 38

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244

1.

...

245

Although Texas added more people than any other state, most of this growth has been in

...

246

Answer

...

247

a.

suburban and exurban communities.

248

b.

colonias.

249

d.

metropolitan areas.

250

1 points

...

251

Question 39

...

252

1.

...

253

In a council-manager form of government, who is responsible for both executing council policies and managing the day-to-day operations of city government?

...

254

Answer

...

255

b.

The city manager

256

1 points

...

257

Question 40

...

258

1.

...

259

The maximum property tax rate of a general-law city is

...

260

Answer

...

261

c.

$1.50 per $100 of the assessed value of a city’s property.

262

1 points

...

263

Question 41

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264

1.

...

265

Which type of election system has served as the primary means of increasing minority representation on city councils?

...

266

Answer

...

267

d.

Single-member districts

268

1 points

...

269

Question 42

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270

1.

...

271

Property appraisals in all local governments are done by which of the following?

...

272

Answer

...

273

b.

Countywide appraisal authority

274

1 points

...

275

Question 43

...

276

1.

...

277

Who is the county law enforcement official elected to serve as the process officer of justice of the peace courts and also has general law enforcement powers?

...

278

d.

Constable

279

1 points

...

280

Question 44

...

281

1.

...

282

Which of the following is not an example of a federal mandate?

...

283

Answer

...

284

a.

The Americans with Disabilities Act

285

b.

The No Child Left Behind Act

286

d.

No-smoking ordinances

287

1 points

...

288

Question 45

...

289

1.

...

290

The powers of the city manager come from

...

291

Answer

...

292

d.

a city charter.

293

1 points

...

294

Question 46

...

295

1.

...

296

Which law has been passed by the legislature and is written in codebooks?

...

297

Answer

...

298

a.

Fundamental law

299

b.

Statutory law

300

c.

Common law

301

d.

Administrative law

302

1 points

...

303

Question 47

...

304

1.

...

305

Which statement is incorrect about the adversary system?

...

306

Answer

...

307

b.

It is not a violation of due process for the government to withhold evidence.

308

1 points

...

309

Question 48

...

310

1.

...

311

Which court case did the U.S. Supreme Court approve seizing private residences to make way for a resort hotel, office buildings, and posh apartments? This court case caused Texas to join several other states in limiting government’s power of eminent domain.

...

312

Answer

...

313

a.

Kelo v. City of New London Connecticut

314

1 points

...

315

Question 49

...

316

1.

...

317

Children as young as __________ that are arrested for serious crimes may be certified to stand trial as adults.

...

318

Answer

...

319

c.

fourteen

320

1 points

...

321

Question 50

...

322

1.

...

323

Which of the following is not an example of a victimless crime?

...

324

Answer

...

325

d.

Driving while intoxicated

326

1 points

...

327

Question 51

...

328

1.

...

329

In order for a corporation to secure permission to conduct legitimate business, it must receive a charter from which state official?

...

330

d.

Secretary of state

331

1 points

...

332

Question 52

...

333

1.

...

334

The procedure used to prove the validity of a will is

...

335

Answer

...

336

b.

probated.

337

1 points

...

338

Question 53

...

339

1.

...

340

A prisoner’s initial appearance before a magistrate is called

...

341

Answer

...

342

a.

arraignment.

343

1 points

...

344

Question 54

...

345

1.

...

346

Which of the following statement about gender and crime is correct?

...

347

Answer

...

348

b.

Far more men than women are arrested for crimes.

349

1 points

...

350

Question 55

...

351

1.

...

352

Civil law holds that when a new corporation is chartered __________ and the new corporation is one that can sue, be sued, or be fined for criminal activity.

...

353

Answer

...

354

a.

a new legal person is created

355

b.

a writ of injunction is issued

356

c.

the secretary of state endorses it

357

1 points

...

358

Question 56

...

359

1.

...

360

As a community property state, Texas requires all of the following except

...

361

Answer

...

362

d.

alimony must be paid after 5 years of marriage.

363

1 points

...

364

Question 57

...

365

1.

...

366

Which is used as the barometer for the crime rate?

...

367

Answer

...

368

d.

FBI index crimes

369

1 points

...

370

Question 58

...

371

1.

...

372

Which of the following is not a stated purpose of Texas jails and penitentiaries?

...

373

Answer

...

374

d.

Recidivism

375

1 points

...

376

Question 59

...

377

1.

...

378

The initial questioning of jurors to determine possible biases is called what?

...

379

Answer

...

380

d.

Voir dire

381

1 points

...

382

Question 60

...

383

1.

...

384

What is the name of the new law that says if either party refuses an out-of-court settlement and if the jury awards damages significantly different from the settlement offer, the loser must pay all of the winner’s legal expenses in the case.

...

385

Answer

...

386

a.

Loser pays system