Developments that drove American expansion in late 19th c
Economics, technology, religion and European resumption of colonization
How did the US become involved with dispute between Great Britain and Venezuela?
Venezuela requested US assistance under the Monroe Doctrine
What US President responded and why?
President Cleveland responded out of some sympathy for an underdog and because the British could deny access to the Orinoco.
When did this occur?
Result of dispute
US and Gr Britain agreed to arbitration; Britain retained control of Orinoco River but recognized American hegemony. Venezuela not invited to proceedings.
What led Pres. Arthur to modernize the Navy in the late 1880s?
War scare with Chile
How did Arthur modernize the Navy?
Armor plated cruisers to protect merchant ships, beginning of Naval War College and Office of Naval Intelligence
What President engaged in an overblown dispute with Chile?
Benjamin Harrison along with Secretary of State Blaine
What caused the dispute with Chile?
A sailors' brawl that resulted in 2 dead sailors, 17 wounded and 36 jailed.
Result of dispute
Tough talk and Chile finally backed down with an apology and $75,000 reparations
How did US involvement disturb Cuba in the 1890s?
Reciprocity Treaty of 1890 fed the economy but the Wilson Gorman Tariff of 1894 bled the economy
Who led the Cuban "scorched earth" revolt against Spain?
How did the Spanish respond to the revolution?
Concentration camps for peasants with 95,000 dead
The Cuban revolution threatened U.S.
interests in sugar, mining, ranching, and the safety of US citizens
Those who favored War with Spain in Cuba
Cuban expatriates and the "yellow press"
The "yellow press" was owned by competitors
Hearst and Pulitzer
Those who opposed war in Cuba did so because
fear of lengthy involvement with a mostly black and Catholic population with dubious ability to self-govern
President's McKinley's negotiations with Spain
brought some concessions but Cuban rebels insisted on total independence.