Campbell Biology: Capter 28 Vocab

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Biology
Chapter 28
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1

Protists are...

any eukaryotic organisms that aren't plants, animals, or fungi. Most are unicellular.

2

Mixotrophs are...

organisms that use both photosynthetic and heterotrophic nutrition.

3

Secondary Endosymbiosis is...

when an organism is ingested in the food vacuole of heterotrophc eukaryotes and become endosymbionts.

4

Diplomonads...

contain modified mitochondria called mitosomes.

5

Euglenozoans are...

protists that belong to a diverse clade, which include predatory heterotrophs, photosynthetic autotrophs and parasites.

6

Dinoflagellates are...

cells that are reinforced by cellulose plates.

7

Ciliates are...

a large, varied group of protists named for their use of cilia to move and feed.

8

Stramenophiles are...

a group of marine algae that includes some of the most photosynthetic organisms on Earth, as well as several clades of heterotrophs.

9

Diatoms are...

unicellular algae that have a unique glass-like wall made of hydrated silica embedded in an organic matrix.

10

Brown algae is...

the largest and most complex algae.

11

Thalius is...

an agal body that is plant-like.

12

Holdfast is...

what anchors the algae.

13

Stipe...

supports leaf life blades, which is stem like.

14

Alterations of Generations are...

the alterations of multicellular haploid and diploid forms.

15

Oomyctes are...

water molds, white rusts, and downy mildews.

16

Rhizaria (ns) is...

a monophyletic group.

17

Pseudopodia is...

the extensions that may bulge from almost anywhere on he cell surface.

18

Foraminiferans are...

protists with porous shells.

19

Tests are...

porous shells.

20

Radiolarians are...

delicate, inticatley symmetrical internal skeletons.

21

Archeaplastida is...

red algae, green algae, and land plants which create the 4th eukaryotic supergroup.

22

Red Algae is...

reddish. Owing to a photosynethetic accessory pigment called phycoerythrin.

23

Green Algae is...

ultra structure and pigment composition much like chloroplasts.

24

Unikonta is...

recently proposed, extremely diverse supergroup of eukaryotes that include animals, fungi, and some protists.

25

Ameobazoans are...

amoebas taht have a lobe- or tube-shaped pseudopodia.

26

Plasmodium is...

a genus. parasitic apicomplexan.

27

Entamoebas are...

parasites.