OTPF

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created 8 years ago by jeilers
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Activity Demands, Performance skills, Performance patterns, context and environment
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cota
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1

What are the aspects of activity demands?

*Objects and their performance
*Space demands (relates to physical context)
*Social demands (social environment and cultural context)
*Sequence and timing
*Required actions and performance skills
*Required body functions
*Required body structures

2

What activity demand is this? (Give an example)
Tools, materials, and equipment used in the process of carrying out the activity

Objects and their performance
Example: Tools: scissors, shoes, volleyball; materials: paints, milk, lipstick

3

What activity demand is this? (Give an example)
Physical environment requirements of the activity (e.g., size, arrangement, surface, lighting, temperature, noise, humidity, ventilation)

Space demands (relates to physical context)
Example: large open space outdoors required for a b-ball game

4

What activity demand is this? (Give an example)
Social environment and cultural contexts that may be required by the activity

Social demands (social environment and cultural context)
Example: rules of the game

5

What activity demand is this? (Give an example)
Process used to carry out the activity (e.g., specific steps, sequences, timing requirements)

*Sequence and timing
Example: Steps to make tea: gather cup and tea bag, heat water, pour into cup...sequencing (heat tea before putting in cup) & timing (steep for 2 minutes)

6

What activity demand is this? (Give an example)
The usual skills that would be required by any performer to carry out the activity. Sensory, perceptual, motor, praxis, emotional, cognitive, communication, and social performance skills should each be considered.

*Required actions and performance skills
Example: Feeling the heat of the stove, gripping handlebar, etc.

7

What activity demand is this? (Give an example)
Physiological functions of the body system

*Required body functions
Example: Mobility of joints, level of consciousness

8

What activity demand is this? (Give an example)
Anatomical parts of the body such as organs, limbs, and their components (that support body function) that are required to perform the activity.

*Required body structures
Example: number of hands, # of eyes

9

What are performance skills?

The abilities clients demonstrate in the actions they perform.

10

What falls under performance skills?

Motor and praxis, sensory-perceptual skills, emotional regulation skills, cognitive skills, and communication and social skills.

11

Define motor and praxis skills & give an example.

A performance skill: PLANNED MOVEMENT
Motor: actions of behaviors a client uses to move and physically interact with tasks, objects, contexts, and environments.
Praxis: Skilled purposeful movements
Example: pacing tempo of movements to clean, bending and reaching for a toy

12

Define sensory-perceptual skills & give an example.

A performance skill:
Actions or behaviors a client uses to locate, identify, and respond to sensations and to select, interpret, associate, organize, and remember sensory events based on discriminating experiences through a variety of sensations that include visual, auditory, proprioceptive, tactile, olfactory, gustatory, and vestibular.
Example: positioning the body in exact location for a safe jump, locating keys by touch in a purse, discerning distinct foods...

13

Define emotional regulation skills & give an example.

A performance skill:
Actions or behaviors a client uses to identify, manage, and express feelings while engaging in activities or interacting with others.
Examples: responding to feelings of others, displaying emotions appropriate for the situation...

14

Define cognitive skills & give an example.

A performance skill:
Actions or behaviors a client uses to plan and manage the performance of an activity.
Example: Sequencing tasks needed for a school project, prioritizing steps, judging appropriate clothing, etc.

15

Define communication and social skills & give an example.

A performance skill:
Actions or behaviors a person uses to communicate and interact with others in an interactive environment
Examples: looking where someone is pointing, gesturing, taking turns talking

16

What are performance patterns?

Patterns of behavior related to an individual's or significant other's daily life activities that are habitual or routine. (Habits, routines, rituals, roles)

17

Define habits:

Automatic behavior that's integrated into more complex patterns that enable people to function on a day-to-day basis
Example: automatically putting car keys in the same place, rocking back and forth repetitively when asked to initiate a task, looking both ways before crossing the street

18

Define routines:

Patterns of behaviors that are observable, regular, repetitive, and that provide structure for daily life. They can be satisfying, promoting, or damaging.
Example: following morning routines, regularly scheduled staff meetings, wearing jeans every Friday

19

Define rituals

Symbolic actions with spiritual, cultural, or social meaning, contributing to the client's identity and reinforcing values and beliefs
Example: Brushing hair 100 times each nigh, kissing the bible before opening it, holding holiday parties, family gatherings every thanksgiving

20

Define roles

A set of behaviors expected by society, shaped by culture, and may be further conceptualized and defined by the client.
Examples: mother, student, daughter

21

What are contexts and environments?

A variety of interrelated conditions within and surrounding the client that influence performance.

22

Define context:

A variety of interrelated conditions that are within and surrounding the client; including cultural, personal, temporal, and virtual

23

Define environment:

The external physical and social environments that surround the client and in which the client's daily life occupations occur.

24

Define the cultural aspect of contexts and environments & give an example:

Context: Customs, beliefs, activity patterns, behavior standards, and expectations accepted by the society of which the client is a member.
Example: shaking hands when being introduced, celebrating the 4th of July.

25

Define the personal aspect of contexts and environments & give an example:

Context: Features of the individual that are not part of a health condition or health status; age, gender, socioeconomic status, & education status.
Example: 25-yr. old unemployed man with a high school diploma; teenage women who are pregnant or new mothers

26

Define the temporal aspect of contexts and environments & give an example:

Context: Location of occupational performance in time; rhythm, tempo, synchronization, duration, and sequence; stages of life, time of day or year, duration, rhythm of activity, or history.
Example: A perosn retired from work for 10 years, annual fundraisers

27

Define the virtual aspect of contexts and environments & give an example:

Context: Environment in which communication occurs by means of airway or computers and an absence of physical contact. Includes simulated or real-time/near-time esistance of an environment via chat rooms, email, video-conferencing, radio transmissions

28

Define the physical aspect of contexts and environments & give an example:

Environment: Natural and build nonhuman environment and the objects in them:
Natural: geographic terrain, sensory qualities of environment, plants and animals
Built: buildings, furniture, tools, devices

29

Define the social aspect of contexts and environments & give an example:

Environment: Constructed by presence, relationships and expectations of persons, organizations, and populations.
- Availability and expectations of significat ind. like spouse, friends, caregivers
- Relationships with individuals, groups, or organizations
- Relationships with systems (political, legal, economic...) that are influential in establishing norms, role expectations, and social routines