Computer Technology Vocabulary 1

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1

A mechanical apparatus that records data to and retrieves data from a storage medium.

Storage Device

2

A virus designed to spread from computer to computer usually through e-mail.

Worm

3

An interconnected group of computers that covers a large geographical area.

WAN - Wide Area Network

4

Intangible set of instructions that tell the computer what to do.

Software

5

A component or equipment that expands a computer's capabilities.

Peripheral Device such as printer or scanner.

6

The underlying hardware and software of the computer system.

Platform

7

An interconnected group of computers and peripheral located within a limited area.

LAN - Local Area Network

8

Brains of the computer.

CPU - Central Processing Unit

9

Stores data by magnetizing microscopic particles on the disk or tape surface.

Magnetic Storage

10

Attaches to an application program, such as a game.

File Virus

11

A type of software that helps you perform a specific task such as word processing.

Application

12

The fastest and most expensive type of computer.

Supercomputer

13

Computer programs that help the computer carry out essential operating tasks.

System Software

14

Approximately 1 billion bytes.

Gigabyte

15

Approximately 1 million bytes.

Megabytes

16

Approximately 1 thousand bytes

Kilobytes

17
card image

Point and click menu options.

GUI - Graphical User Interface such as the

18

The sequence of events that occurs within a computer system when the user starts the computer.

Boot Process

19

Tangible, physical equipment that can be touched.

Hardware

20

A large, fast, and expensive computer generally used by businesses or government agencies.

Mainframe

21

How many bits make up a byte?

Eight

22

Eight bits of information make up a ______.

Byte

23

Printers and monitors are types of _____.

Output Devices

24

Optical storage is used to store data on _____.

CDs

25

Computer’s memory that stores data and instructions but is lost when power is turned off.

RAM - Random Access Memory

26

Computer’s memory that stores permanent instructions needed for computer operations.

ROM - Read Only Memory

27

To keep your files organized, you create ______.

Folders