Cell reproduction

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created 7 years ago by 20bpatterson
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How cells reproduce and what types. 5 phases of mitosis
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1

Asexual reproduction

A type of reproduction fission budding and regeneration in which a new organism is produced.

2

Chromosomes

Structure in a cells nucleus that contains hereditary.

3

Diploid

Cell whose similar Chromosomes occur in pairs

4

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid the genetic material or all organisms made of two twisted strands or sugar-phosphate molecules

5

Egg

Haploid sex cell formed in the female reproductive organs.

6

Fertilization

Process by which oxygen-lacking cells and some one-celled organisms release a small amount of water.

7

Gene

Section of DNA on a Chromosome that contains instructions for making specific proteins.

8

Haploid

Cell that has half the number of Chromosomes as a body cell.

9

Meiosis

reproduction process that produces four haploid sex cells.

10

Mitosis

Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei identical to each other.

11

Mutation

Any permanent changes In a gene or Chromosome

12

RNA

Ribonucleic acid a type of nucleus acid that carries codes for making protines.

13

Sexual reproduction

A type of reproduction in which two sex cells usually an egg and a sperm.

14

Sperm

Haploid sex cell in the male reproduction organs.

15

Zygote

New diploid cell formed when a sperm fertilizes an egg