Cell division

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created 7 years ago by 20bhursh
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updated 7 years ago by 20bhursh
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ience
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Mitosis

The process in which the nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei.

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Cell cycle

Life cycle of cells.

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Interphase

The cell's chromosomes duplicate.

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Prophase

The chronosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.

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Metaphase

The chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell.

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Anaphase

The chromatids separate.

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Telophase

The cytoplasm starts to separate.

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Chromosome

Structure in nucleus that contains hereditary material.

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Asexual reproduction

Reproduction in which new organisms are produced from one organism and has DNA identical to the parent organism.

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Sexual reproduction

A type of reproduction in which two sex cells join to form a zygote, which will develop into a new organism with a unique identity.

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Sperm

Haploid sex cell formed in the male reproductive organs.

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Egg

Haploid sex cell formed in female reproductive organs.

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Fertilization

In sexual reproduction, the joining of a sperm and egg.

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Zygote

New diploid cell formed when a sperm fertilizes an egg, will divide by mitosis and develop into a new organism.

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Diploid

Cell that contains two sets of chromosomes.

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Haploid

Cell that contains one complete set of chromosomes.

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Meiosis

Division of a germ cell involving two fissions of the nucleus and giving rise to four gametes, or sex cells, each possessing half the number of chromosomes of the original cell.