Bones and Skeletal Tissues

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 7 years ago by Wcc2014
1,256 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

what does the skeletal system consists of

cartilage, tendons, ligaments, bones

2

what kind of tissue is cartilage

connective

3

does cartilage contain nerves or blood vessels

no

4

what is cartilage surround by

perichondrium

5

does perichondrium contain blood vessels

yes

6

cartilage contains two types of cells, name them

chondroblasts and condrosite

7

what do the chondroblasts do

makes the matrix of cartilage

8

what do the condrosites do

maintains the matrix of the cartilage

9

what are the type of cartilage

hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilages

10

which cartilage does not contain fibers

hyaline

11

where are some places in the body where cartilage exists

ends of bones, ends of the vertebra, larynx and trachea, nasal area

12

which cartilage has elastic fibers in the matrix

elastic

13

where would we find elastic cartilage

external ear, epiglottis

14

which cartilage contains collagen fibers

fibrocartilages

15

where is fibrocartilage located

cartilage between vertebra

16

what kind of tissue are tendons and ligaments

connective tissue

17

what kind of connective tissue are tendons and ligaments

dense regular collagenous tissues

18

what type of cells are in tendons and ligaments

fibroblast and fibrocite

19

what do fibroblast cells do

create the matrix of tendons and ligaments

20

what do the fibrosites do

maintains the ligaments and tendons

21

what is the function of ligaments

attach bone to bone and stabilize the joint

22

what is the function on tendons

attach muscle to bone

23

how many bones are in the axial skeleton

80

24

how many bones are in the appendicular skeleton

126

25

how are bones classified

according to their shape and size

26

what are long bones

bones that are longer then their width

27

example of long bones

humerus, tibia, phalanges

28

what are short bones

length is equal to the width

29

examples of short bones

carpals, and tarsals

30

examples of flat bones

sternum, scapula, skull

31

examples of irregular bones

vertebra and cocoyx

32

what are bones are surrounded by

periosteum

33

what is a sesamoid bone

type of short bones that forms within the tendon but is not one of the 206 bones

34

what are the functions of bones

support, protects, movement, store minerals, storage of fat, blood cell formation, hormone production

35

what minerals do bones store

calcium, phosphate, zinc, magnesium, iron, carbonate

36

where is fat stored in the bone

marrow cavity

37

what is blood formed in the bone

marrow cavity

38

what hormone helps to regulate bone formation

osteocalcin

39

what are the types of bones

compact and spongy

40

what is another name for spongy bone

cancellous

41

what cells are in the bones

osteoblast, ostoctye, osteoclast

42

what does osteoblast do

create the matrix of the bone

43

what does osteocyte do

maintain the matrix

44

what does the osteoclast do

breaks down the matrix of the bone

45

what do bones consists of

minerals and collagen

46

what makes the bones hard

minerals

47

what makes the bones flexible

collagen

48

what is intramembraneous bone ossification

at one time the cartilage tissue was something else

49

example of intramembraneous

clavicle and skull bone

50

what does bone growth require

calcium, vitamin d, other minerals, protein, vitamin c, growth hormone, thyroid hormone, parathyroid hormone, reproductive hormone, exercise

51

how much calcium needs to be consumed daily

800-1000 mg

52

what does decreased calcium lead to

osteoporosis

53

what does excess calcium lead to

kidney stone and failure

54

what does decreased vitamin d lead to in children and adults

children-rickets
adult-ostemalacia

55

how much vitamin c is needed daily

500mg

56

what does decreased vitamin c lead to

scurvy and bow legs