Anatomy and Physiology of Cerebral Cortex
Name the location/function of Broca's Area
Frontal lobe (usually left cerebral hemisphere); Directs muscles in involved with speech production
Name the location/function of Brodman's Area
Occipital Cortex; Integrating center for vision
What is the name and function of this area of the cortex?
Wernicke's Area; Understanding speech
What function is the occipital lobe associated with?
What function is the temporal lobe associated with?
Where is the primary motor cortex located and what is its function?
In the precentral gyrus (both hemispheres); Control of precise, voluntary movements
Where is the premotor cortex located and what is its function?
Just anterior to the primary motor cortex; Controls learned motor skills (typing, playing instrument, etc.)
Where is the primary somatosensory cortex located and what is its function?
In the postcentral gyrus; Spatial discrimination (location of body in space)
Where is the somatosensory association cortex and what is its function?
Just posterior to the postcentrsl gyrus; To integrate sensory input (tempature,pressure, etc.)
Where is the visual association area?
Covers most of the occipital lobe
Where is the primary auditory cortex?
Covering most of the temporal lobe
Where is the primary olfactory cortex?
Medial aspect of temporal lobe (called piriform lobe)