First Aid: Respiratory A and P

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created 7 years ago by jgaversa5
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updated 7 years ago by jgaversa5
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1

what large areas make up the respiratory tree

conducting zone and respiratory zone

2

what makes up the conducting zone

nose
pharynx
trachea
bronchi
bronchioles
terminal bronchioles

3

what is the function of the conducting zone

brings air in and out, warms air, humidifies air, filters air

4

what is the conducing zone also known as

anatomic dead space

5

what do the walls of the conducing airways contain

smooth muscle

6

what does the respiratory zone consist of

respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli

7

what does the respiraotry zone consists of

respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli

8

what is the job of the respiraotry zone

participates in gas exchange

9

where are the mucosal glands

outside mucosal lining in the level of the alveolar duct

10

what are the types of pneumocytes

PCCE cells
type 1 cells
type 2 cells
clara cells

11

how far do PCCE cells extend

to respiratory bronhioles

12

what clears the debris in the alveoli

MPs

13

how far do goblet cells extend

only to bronchi

14

what sweeps mucus secretions out of the lungs and toward the mouth

ciliate cells

15

what cells line the alveoli

type 1 cells

16

what do type 1 cells look like

squamous, thin for optimal gas diffusion

17

what is the ratio that indicates fetal lung maturity

lecithin to sphingomyelin of over 2.0 in amniotic fluid

18

how many lobes does the right lung have

3

19

how many lobes does the left lung have

2 and a lingula

20

what is hte lingula a homologue of

right middle lobe

21

what side of the lung is more common site for inhaled foreign bodies

right side: mrore vertical

22

what is the relation of the pulmonary artery to the bronchus at each lung hilus

RALS: right anterior, left superior

23

when you aspirate a peanut while upright where will it go

lower portion of right inferior lobe

24

when you aspirate a peanut while supine where will it go

superior portion of right inferior lobe

25

where is the oblique fissure (rib)

T2

26

where is the horizontal fissure

T4 right lobe

27

which lung has an oblique fissure

right and left

28

what is the oblique fissure between

right middle and inferior lobes

29

is the horizontal fissure visible from the anteiror, portioer, or both

anterior only

30

what are the structures that perforate the diaphragm

IVC
esophagus and vagus
aorta, thoracic duct, azygous vein

31

what level does the IVC perforate the diaphragm

T8

32

what level does the esophagus perforate the diaphragm

T10

33

what level does the vagus perforate the diaphragm

T10

34

what level does the aorta perforate the diaphragm

T12

35

what level does the thoracic duct perforate the diaphragm

T12

36

what level does the azygous perforate the diaphragm

T12

37

what innervates the diaphragm

C3, C4, C5 (phrenic)

38

where does diaphragmatic pain get referred

shoulder

39

what are the muscles of quiet inspiration

diaphragm

40

what are the muscles of quiet expiration

passive

41

what are the muscles of exercise inspiration

external intercostals, scalene, SCM

42

what are the muscles of exercise expiration

rectus abdominis, internal and external obliques, transversus abdominus, internal intercostals

43

what are five important things that the lung makes

surfactant
prostaglandins
histamine
ACE
kallikrein