Path Lecture: Vessels 4

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created 7 years ago by jgaversa5
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1

what is red white and blue disease

marked vasodilation of extremities affectiing fingers and toes that can cause pallor, rubor, and then cyanosis due to vessels over-reacting to some stimulus

2

what is included in raynaud's phenomenon

red white and blue disease

3

how many raynauds are primary

5%

4

what are some causes of secondary raynaud

scleroderma and lupus

5

what are the diseases of BV hyperreactivity

raynauds
myocardial vessel vasospasm

6

what are responsible for mycardial vessel vasospasm

endogenous and exogenous vasoactive mediators

7

what is an example of an endogenous vasoactive mediator

epi

8

what is an example of exogenous vasoactive mediator

cocaine

9

what are two examples of things that cause sudden cardiac death

myocardial vessel vasospasm

10

what are varicose veins

superfiicial dilated tortuous veins secondary to increased intraluminal pressures and weakened vessel wall support

11

what are the mechanism of varicose veins

increased venous pressure, venous return obstruction

12

what things can cause varicose veins

pregnancy, prolonged standing, incompetent valves in time

13

what can happen to the varix of the vein

erode through skin and ulcer, causing stasis dermatitis

14

what are esophageal varices due to

systemic shunts

15

what are esophageal varices due to

cirrhosis and acute GI bleeds

16

where are caput medusae

peri-umbilical

17

what are the results of systemic shunt to veins

hemorrhoids
caput medusae
esophageal varices

18

where does thombophlebitis/phlebothrombosis take place

deep leg veins

19

what happens in thrombophlebitis/phlebothrombosis

deep leg veins

20

what are the causes of thrombophlebitis

stasis and hypercoagulability

21

are there always symptoms for DVT

no

22

where might you have symptoms for DVT

tenderness over calf muscle and erythema

23

what is the biggest risk for DVT

thrombus breaks off and goes to the lung

24

can DVTs go unnotcied

yes if they are small enough but if big enough they can be fatal

25

what happens to saddle embolus

blocks off both pulmonary arteries and is fatal

26

what is trousseau syndeom also called

migratory thrombophlebitis

27

what types of cancers tend to create migratory thrombophlebitis

adenocarcinomas that produce mucin that get into vasculature and is thormobogenic

28

what happens in migratory thrombophlebitis

on the move and a thrombus causes inflammation of a vein, site can vary

29

where can migratory thrombophlebitis be

gastric veins, renal veins,

30

can you feel migratory thrombophlebitis

inflammation and irritation

31

what does migratory thrombophlebitis occur

different foci at different times

32

does migratory thrombophlebitis develop by itself

no, usually from cancer