Chapter 05

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created 10 years ago by laurelapush
updated 10 years ago by laurelapush
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Benjamin Franklin (BICHE)

Author of Poor Richard's Almanac, a popular piece during the 1730s, promoted concept of work being rewarding
Deist, organized American Philosophical Society

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Iroquois Indians (PENG)

One of the powerful Native American tribes who jealously guarded their territory from colonists seeking frontier land; dominated fur trade in and around New York – scared colonists because of their ferocious protection of the area

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Pennsylvania Dutch (BICHE)

18th century Germans who immigrated to the colonies, not actually Dutch, nickname "corrupt" by colonists, motivated to come because of "miserable" state they were in in native countries

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Scots-Irish (BICHE)

Irish, Scottish, and English people who immigrated to the colonies in the late 18th century
"Militant Presbyterians," came as a result of poor economies in native lands and more opportunity

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Redemptioners (BICHE)

Hopeful immigrants who couldn't afford passage to the colonies, captains paid for their voyage to Philadelphia so they could get money from a relative or friend, most sold themselves to become servants

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Olaudah Equiano (BICHE)

Slave from West Indies who managed to purchase his own freedom after being kidnapped and sold

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Jonathan Edwards (BICHE)

Puritan minister from Massachusetts, preached evil of mankind and all-knowing and power of God

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George Whitefield (BICHE)

"Revivalist," Anglican who spoke about sin and salvation, very effective rhetoric, his words were re-spoken in widespread meetings

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Yamasee War (BICHE)

1715- Yamasee and Creek Indians attack colonial settlements of South Carolina, encouraged by French, fueled colonial-native dispute

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Creek Indians (PENG)

Allied with the French during the Yamasee War; mounted a coordinated attack on the British colonists in South Carolina, inflicting many casualties; the British and French had a strenuous (to say the least) relationship because they both wanted to monopolize trade with the Indians (fur, especially)

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Cherokee Indians (BICHE)

Settled in Georgia and Carolinas, traded with colonists in Virginia

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Poor Richard's Almanack (BICHE)

Written by Benjamin Franklin, predicted people would be rewarded for "long-term labor," very popular in colonies, basically promised salvation for those who worked hard during their life

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Middle Passage (BICHE)

Route of slave trade across the Atlantic Ocean, rode on ships until they reached the coast of the colonies, sold to a merchant or planter in the South

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"seasoning" (PENG)

Slaves’ acculturation from their life back home in Africa to being thrust into a totally foreign and horrendous life in the American colonies; slave owners hoped this process of getting the “new Negroes” better situated to work would be aided by the “creoles,” or second-generation, colonial-born slaves

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Stono Rebellion (BICHE)

Town in South Carolina, site of first major slave rebellion, slaves attacked store and group enlarged, killed upwards of twenty whites, was quickly dissolved, ended up only proving how little chance there was to end slavery

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Task system (PENG)

Gave slaves in the south some control over the pace of their work and some discretion in the use of the rest of their time; given a specific job to do in a specific amount of time – any extra time could be used for the slave’s own personal purposes

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Congregational Church (PENG)

One of the splinters-off of Puritanism in New England – separated over differences of the finer points of theological doctrine; the official established church of New England and all residents paid taxes to support it

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Enlightenment (PENG)

An 18th century philosophical movement that emphasized the use of reason to reevaluate previously accepted doctrines and religions; brought from England to the colonial intelligentsia, contributed to the religious indifference in the colonies;

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Deism (PENG)

Shared the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers; agreed that science and reason could disclose God’s laws and the natural order; increased ideas of individualism; shift of focus from heaven to the here-and-now

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Great Awakening (BICHE)

"Wave" of evangelical conversions, revival of church that occurred in the 1720s and 30s, John Edwards was an important leader as was George Whitefield, both had very resonating preachings

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Seven Years War/French and Indian War (PENG)

Less than 40 years after the Yamasee War, tension rose again between the British and the French (both aided by Indians) over domination over trade with Indians (fur!)