Medical Terminology

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created 7 years ago by emstheword
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1

a-, an-

without, not, lack of

2

ab-

away from

3

ad-

to, toward, near

4

ante-

before, forward, in front of

5

anti-

against

6

auto-

self

7

bi-

double, two, twice

8

brady-

slow

9

circum-

around

10

contra-

against, opposite

11

de-

down from

12

dia-

across, through, apart

13

dis-

apart, free from

14

dys-

bad, difficult, abnormal

15

ecto-

outer, outside

16

en-

in, into, within

17

endo-

inner, inside

18

epi-

over, on, upon

19

eryth-

red

20

eu-

normal, good, well, healthy

21

ex-

out, out of, from, away from

22

hemi-

half

23

hyper-

excessive, too much, high

24

hypo-

under, decreased, less than normal

25

in-

in, into, within

26

inter-

between

27

intra-

within

28

intro-

within

29

leuk-

white

30

macro-

large

31

mal-

bad, illness, disease

32

meg-

large

33

micro-

small

34

mono-

one, single

35

neo-

new

36

non-

not

37

olig-

small, scant

38

para-

beside, beyond, after

39

per-

by, through

40

peri-

around

41

poly-

many, much

42

post-

after, behind

43

pre-

before, in front of,prior to

44

pro-

before, in front of

45

re-

again, backward

46

retro-

backward, behind

47

semi-

half

48

sub-

under, beneath

49

super-

above, over, excess

50

supra-

above, over

51

tachy-

fast, rapid

52

trans-

across

53

uni-

one

54

abdomin/o

abdomen

55

aden/o

gland

56

adren/o

adrenal gland

57

angi/o

vessel

58

arteri/o

artery

59

arthr/o

joint

60

broncho

bronchus, bronchi

61

card, cardi/o

heart

62

cephal/o

head

63

chole, chol/o

bile

64

chondr/o

cartilage

65

colo

colon, large intestine

66

cost/o

rib

67

crani/o

skull

68

cyan/o

blue

69

cyst/o

bladder, cyst

70

cyt/o

cell

71

dent/o

tooth

72

derma

skin

73

duoden/o

duodenum

74

encephal/o

brain

75

enter/o

intestines

76

fibr/o

fiber, fibrous

77

gastr/o

stomach

78

gloss/o

tongue

79

gluc/o

glucose

80

glyc/o

sugar

81

gyn, gyne, gyneco

woman

82

hem, hema, hemo, hemat/o

blood

83

hepat/o

liver

84

hydr/o

water

85

hyster/o

uterus

86

ile/o, ili/o

ileum

87

laparo

abdomen, loin, flank

88

laryng/o

larynx

89

lith/o

stone

90

mamm/o

breast, mammary gland

91

mast/o

breast, mammary gland

92

meno

menstruation

93

my/o

muscle

94

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

95

necro

death

96

nephr/o

kidney

97

neur/o

nerve

98

ocul/o

eye

99

oophor/o

ovary

100

ophthalm/o

eye

101

orth/o

straight, normal, correct

102

oste/o

bone

103

ot/o

ear

104

ped/o

child, foot

105

pharyng/o

pharynx

106

phleb/o

vein

107

pnea

breathing, respiration

108

pneum/o

lung, air,gas

109

proct/o

rectum

110

psych/o

mind

111

pulmo

lung

112

py/o

pus

113

rhin/o

nose

114

scalping/o

Eustachian tube, uterine tube

115

splen/o

spleen

116

sten/o

narrow, constriction

117

stern/o

sternum

118

stomat/o

mouth

119

therm/o

heat

120

thoraco

chest

121

thromb/o

clot, thrombus

122

thyr/o

thyroid

123

toxic/o

poison, poisonous

124

trache/o

trachea

125

urethr/o

urethra

126

urin/o

urine

127

uro

urine, urinary tract, urination

128

uter/o

uterus

129

vas/o

blood vesse, vas deferens

130

ven/o

vein

131

vertebr/o

spine, vertebrae

132

-algia

pain

133

-asis

abnormal condition

134

-cele

hernia, herniation, pouching

135

-centesis

puncture, and aspiration of

136

-cyte

cell

137

-ectasis

dilation, stretching

138

-ectomy

excision, removal of

139

-emia

blood condition

140

-genesis

development, production, creation

141

-genic

producing, causing

142

-gram

record

143

-graph

diagram, a recording instrument

144

-graphy

making a recording

145

-iasis

condition of

146

-ism

a condition

147

-itis

inflammation

148

-logy

the study of

149

-lysis

destruction of, decompisition

150

-megaly

enlargement

151

-meter

measuring instrument

152

-oma

tumor

153

-osis

condition

154

-osis

condition

155

-pathy

disease

156

-penia

lack, definciency

157

-phagia

to eat or consume, swollowing

158

-phasia

speaking

159

-phobia

an exaggerated fear

160

-plasty

surgical repair

161

-plegia

paralysis

162

-pstosis

falling, sagging, dropping down

163

-rrhage, -rragia

excessive flow

164

-rrhaphy

stitching, suturing

165

-rrhea

profuse flow, discharge

166

-scope

examination instrument

167

-scopy

examination using a scope

168

-stasis

maintenance, maintaining a constant level

169

-stomy, -ostomy

creating an opening

170

-tomy, -otomy

incision, cutting into

171

-uria

condition of urine

172

-ac/ic

pertaining to

173

-al

pertaining to

174

-ar

pertaining to

175

-blast

embryo form

176

-clasis

dissolving

177

-clast

dissolving

178

-culture

growing, raising

179

-er

one who

180

-ia

condition

181

-iasis

condition

182

-ist

one who specializes in

183

-kinesia

movement

184

-ologist

one who studies

185

-y

condition

186

corne/o

cornea

187

dactyl/o

finger

188

electr/o

electrical

189

esephag/o

esophagus

190

flor/o

flower

191

myc/o

fungis

192

nat/o

birth

193

necro

death

194

ren/o

kidney

195

hist/o

tissue

196

lith/o

stone

197

-metry

measurement

198

-oid

resembling

199

-silv/o

forest

200

ge/o

earth

201

nephritis

inflammation of kidney

202

hydrology

study of water

203

necrosis

death from abnormal condition

204

gastric

pertaining to the stomach

205

histology

study of tissues

206

geometry

measurement of earth

207

thromboid

resembling a clot

208

pathology

study of diseases

209

neuroma

tumor of nerves

210

gastritis

inflammation of stomach

211

hepatic

pertaining to liver

212

dermatitis

inflammation of skin

213

psychology

study of mind

214

arthrosis

abnormal condition of the joint

215

geology

study of earth

216

hydroid

resembling water

217

cardiology

study of the heart

218

hepatoma

study of/in the liver

219

neuritis

inflammation of nerves

220

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

221

abnormal condition of the kidneys

nephrosis

222

inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

223

the study of handwriting

graphology

224

abnormal condition of the m ind

psychosis

225

a tumor of the brain

encephaloma

226

pertaining to a clot

thrombic

227

recording a heart action

cardiography

228

inflammation of the joints

arthritis

229

recording of features of the earth's surface

geography

230

pertaining to poison

toxic

231

study of death

necrology

232

study of skin

dermatology

233

pertaining to skin

dermic

234

study of the kidney

nephrology

235

recording of brain action

encephalography

236

abnormal condition of the nerves

neurosis

237

abnormal clotting condition

thrombosis

238

pertaining to the mind

psychic

239

study of the nerves

neurology

240

abnormal condition of sleep

narcosis

241

a drug that resembles poison

toxoid

242

resembling a stone

lithlid

243

tumor of the liver

hepatoma

244

abnormal condition of the skin

dermatosis

245

otic

pertaining to the ear

246

osteoblast

embryonic form of bone

247

cytopenia

cell deficiency

248

cardiac

pertaining to the heart

249

corneotomy

incision into the cornea

250

cephalgia

pain in the head

251

renal

pertaining to kidney

252

dactylic

pertaining to the finger

253

cytolysis

destruction of cells

254

floriculture

growing flowers

255

natal

pertaining to birth

256

cephalemia

blood condition in the head

257

opthalmic

pertaining to eye

258

rhinoma

tumor of the nose

259

electrocardiogram

electrical written record of the heart

260

nephrolithiasis

condition of kidney stone

261

laryngectomy

cut out larynx

262

rhinotomy

incision of nose

263

mycology

study of fungi

264

cardiologist

one who studies the heart

265

appendicitis

inflammation of appendix

266

esophagostomy

new opening of esophagus

267

cephalatome

cutting instrument for the head

268

otorhinolaryngologist

one who studies ear, nose, and larynx

269

an embryonic form a cell

cytoblast

270

one who studies of the nose

rhinology

271

inflammation of the larynx

laryngitis

272

movement within a cell

cytokenesia

273

an abnormal fungust condition

mycosis

274

creating a new opening in the larynx

laryngostomy

275

removal of the liver

hepatectomy

276

cutting into the skull

craniotomy

277

removal of the eye

opthalmectomy

278

creating a new opening in the stomach

gastrostomy

279

deficiency of water in the body

hydropenia

280

one who specializes in the study of electricity

electrologist

281

resembling a finger

dactyloid

282

the study of the ear

otology

283

diseased condition of the nose

rhinopathy

284

resembling a cell

cytoid

285

an abnormal condition of the brain

encephalosis

286

tumor in the head

cephaloma

287

inflammation of the nose

rhinitis

288

incision into the larynx

laryngotomy

289

diseased condition of the brain

encephalopathy

290

pain in the nose

rhinalgia