Quiz #3

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created 8 years ago by jessica_dow
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College: Second year
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1

group culture

the pattern of values, beliefs, norms and behaviors that are shared by roup members and that shape a group's individual "personality"

2

the theory of structuration

explains that any social system's rules, operating procedures, and resources emerge out of the verbal and nonverbal communication between members

3

assumptions of structuration

-behavior is constrained by general rules
-people can choose not to follow
-creating and recreating itself; with communication as the instrument

4

adaptive structuration theory

focuses on the use of technology in the structuration process

5

groups must manage SOCIOEMOTIONAL and TASK concerns

-socioemotional: members must develop interpersonal relationships
-task: after forming relationships, group must focus on their change

6

members must FIRST__ then SECONDLY__ whoch creates an ONGOING___

first: develop relationships that are stable and function cooperatively
second: attend the job
ongoing: cyle back and forth

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primary tension

an early tension w/which the group grapple is primary tension (tension and discomfort that arises out of situations where people just meet)

8

secondary tension

work related tension that arises as members attempt to complete their task

9

status

the position of a member in a hierarchy of power, influence, and prestige within a small group

10

high status

members tend to talk more, address each other more and have their own opinions hard by the group as a whole more

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low status

talk less, send more positive messages to high status members

12

ascribed

due to characteristics external to the group

13

earned

earned by a member's valued contributions to the group

14

idiosyncracy credit

When some members receive leeway in adhering to group norms as a result of valuable contributions to the group

15

fantasy theme

Rather than discussing events happening in the present the group sometimes tell stories about past events

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fantasy chain

a fantasy that group memebers elaborate on

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symbolic convergence

humans create and share meaning through story

18

functions fantasy performs

-help create unique identity
-Help deal with threatening information
-Help direct a group’s actions
-Can be entertaining and fun

19

Group Socialization

The social influence and change process during which both newcomers and established members adjust to one another

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antecedent

Group members’ individual characteristics affect their readiness and willingness to socialize members effectively

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anticipatory

Members’ expectations of each other and the group set the stage for what will occur during socialization

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encounter

When the expectations of the anticipatory phase meet the realities of the group

23

Phases of Socialization

-assimilation: Member’s full integration into the group and its structures
-exit: Process when members leave the group

24

what do rules and norms represent

-Rules are formalized guidelines for behavior
-Norms are ideas of what should and should not be done

25

group climate

refers to a group's emotional and relational atmosphere

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difference between a supportive and defensive climate

-Supportive climate: each member is valued and appreciated
-Defensive climate: members attack and belittle each other

27

conformity

members going along with emerging norms over time