Cardiac Chapters - game

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created 7 years ago by lsokol04
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updated 7 years ago by lsokol04
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1

T/F

The AV node relays electrical impulses from the atria to the ventricles.

True

2

During _______________, the heart chambers fill with blood in preparation for ejection

Diastole

3

The point of maximum impulse (PMI) is normally palpable in the left midclavicular line at the __________________ intercostals space.

Fifth

4

The S1 heart sound results from closed of the ________________ and tricuspid valves.

Mitral

5

Higher HDL levels are associated with _________________ risk for coronary artery disease

Lower

6

A patient scheduled for a cardiac stress test should be advised to avoid stimulants including ____________________ and caffeine prior to the examination.

Tobacco

7

T/F

Patients in atrial fibrillation are at increased risk for stroke

True

8

T/F

Ventricular tachycardia is considered a cardiac emergency.

True

9

___________________ is the treatment of choice for the patient in ventricular fibrillation.

Defibrillation

10

U waves are not usually seen in an ECG tracing. They are indicative of ____________ when they are present.

Hypokalemia

11

List the five-step process of cardiac rhythm interpretation _________________________.

Regularity of rhythm, heart rate, P wave, PR interval, QRS Complex

12

T/F

On the cardiac graph paper each small box is 0.04 seconds and the larger box is 0.20 seconds.

True

13

T/F

Twenty large boxes make up a 6 second segment.

False- 30

14

T/F

The pathophysiology of atherosclerosis involves an inflammatory response to arterial wall injury.

True

15

T/F

Type 2 diabetics are prone to metabolic syndrome which increases their risk for heart disease.

True

16

T/F

Blood vessels commonly used to bypass occluded coronary arteries include the saphenous veins of the leg.

True

17

T/F

A desirable LDL level for patient with a diagnosis of coronary artery disease is 160mg/dL.

False - less than 70 mg/dl

18

Angina pectoris is chest pain resulting from myocardial _________________.

Ischemia

19

Adults age __________ and older should have a fasting lipid profile performed at least once every 5 years

20

20

Individuals with a blood pressure greater than 120/ _________ are considered prehypertensive and at risk for heart disease.

80

21

In addition to sublingual nitroglycerin, a patient experiencing chest pain due to angina will receive 160 to 325 mg of _____________ to reduce risk of MI.

Aspirin/ASA

22

T/F

Mitral valve prolapsed is caused by stenosis of the valve’s leaflets.

false-regurgiation

23

T/F

When aortic stenosis is present, a loud murmur can be heard over the aortic area

True

24

T/F

The pathophysiology of cardiomyophathy results in impaired cardiac output.

True

25

T/F

The characteristic symptom of pericarditis is chest pain which is relieved when the patient lies down.

False- sitting up/leaning forward

26

The initial symptom of mitral stenosis is typically _____________ caused by pulmonary venous hypertension.

Dyspnea

27

The patient with valvular disease requires prophylaxis with ________________ prior to undergoing invasive or dental procedures to decrease risk of endocarditis.

Antibiotics

28

T/F

The term preload refers to the amount of resistance to ejection of blood from a ventricle.

False - afterload Preload is the degree of stretch of cardiac fibers at the end of diastole.

29

A patient’s cardiac output is determined by multiplying heart rate by ____________.

Stroke Volume

30

T/F

A significant symptom of impending rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is severe lower back pain.

True

31

When fluid filtered out of the capillaries exceeds the amount reabsorbed, accumulating interstitial fluid results in a condition known as __________________.

Edema

32

T/F

Using a blood pressure cuff that is too small will give a lower blood pressure measurement compared to one taken with a properly sized cuff.

False-higher

33

T/F

The elderly population is more sensitive to postural hypotension due to impaired cardiovascular reflexes.

True

34

Hypertension, as defined by the JNC 7, is a systolic and diastolic blood pressure greater than ______________ mm HG based on the average of two or more accurate blood pressure measurements.

140/90