Respiratory Chapters questions

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created 7 years ago by lsokol04
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updated 7 years ago by lsokol04
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1

T/F

People who are obese have a higher percent of body fluid than those who are thin

False

2

T/F

Na+ is important in regulating the volume of body fluid because Na+ concentration affects the overall concentration of extracellular fluids

True

3

T/F

Cyanosis is a reliable sign of hypoxia

False- it is the last sign

4

T/F

The strongest predisposing factor for asthma is allergy

True

5

T/F

Daily peak flow monitoring is recommended for all pt with moderate to severe asthma

True

6

T/F

Hypoxemia can be manifested by a change in the pt mental status

True

7

T/F

A pt who has recently undergone a tracheostomy should be maintained in a semi-fowlers position

True

8

T/F

A pulmonary embolism is a life threatening emergency

True

9

T/F

More than 80% of cancers are caused by inhaled carcinogens

True

10

T/F

The nurse notes vigorous bubbling the water seal chamber of a chest drainage system. This is a normal finding.

False

11

_________________, the end product of muscle metabolism, is a better indicator of renal function than BUN.

Creatinine

12

Respiratory ________________ is a clinical condition in which the arterial pH is greater than 7.45 and PaCO2 is less than 38 mm Hg.

Alkalosis

13

__________, the water-conserving hormone, is stored in the posterior pituitary gland

ADH

14

Sudden onset of severe dyspnea in a patient on complete bedrest is a classic symptom of pulmonary ________________.

Pulmonary Embolism

15

The rate, depth, and rhythm of breathing are controlled by respiratory centers in the ____________.

Brain (medulla)

16

_________________ breathing helps the patient with COPD to slow expiration and feel more relaxed.

Pursed Lip Breathing

17

Patients who have difficulty coordinating inspiration with activation of their metered dose inhaler can be helped by use of a ______________.

Spacer

18

A nasal cannula is an example of a ________ flow oxygen delivery system.

Low

19

___________ must be provided when oxygen is in use in order to counteract the irritating effects of oxygen on the patient’s airway.

Humidity

20

Patients with pleural effusion are at increased risk for ____________________.

Atelectasis

21

A complication of blunt chest trauma cased by injury from the steering wheel during a motor vehicle accident is _________chest

Flail

22

A pulmonary embolism is most commonly caused by a thrombus originating in the deep veins of the __________.

Leg

23

To minimize risk of aspiration, a patient receiving a tube feeding should be maintained in an upright position for at least ________ minutes following the feeding

30 minutes

24

The most effective measure for preventing transmission of the common cold is ___________.

Handwashing

25

Acute pharyngitis of bacterial nature is most commonly caused by _________________.

Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci