Why was the OTPF developed?
To articulate occupational therapy's contribution to promoting the health & participation of people, organizations, & populations through engagement in occupations.
What is one core belief of the OTPF?
"All people need to be able or enabled to engage in the occupations of their need & choice, to grow through what they do, and to experience independence or interdependence, equality, participation, security, health, & well-being."
For what audiences was the OTPF designed? How are the clients categorized?
Designed for clients; organized by persons, organizations, and populations
Who does the category "persons" include?
families, caregivers, teachers, employers, and relevant others
Who does the category "Organizations" include?
businesses, industries, or agencies
Who does the category "populations" include?
within a community, such as refugees, veterans who are homeless, and people with chronic health disabling conditions
How is the OTPF divided?
Domain & process
What does domain mean?
A sphere of activity, concern, or funciton
What does process mean?
The way OT practitioners operationalize their expertise to provide services to clients. (Evaluation, intervention, & outcome monitoring)
What is the overarching statement that describes domain?
Supporting health & participation in life through engagement in occupation
Where does the expertise of OTAs and OTs lie?
The OT domain & process:
OTR: All aspects of the OT delivery
COTA: Delivers OT services under OTR supervision and collaborates with OTR
Define Occupation and activity. Differences? Similarities?
Occupation - activities that people engage in throughout their daily lives to fulfill their time and give life meaning (goal-directed)
Activity - A class of human actions that are goal directed
Activities that implicitly involve at least two people
Define Social Justice
The promotion of social and economic change to increase individual, community, and political awareness, resources, and opportunity for health and well-being.
Define Occupational Justice
"Justice related to opportunities and resources required for occupational participation sufficient to satisfy personal needs and full citizenship."
(Ensures clients are given the opportunity for full participation in occupations they choose to engage in.)
Who is WHO?
World Health Organization
What does WHO do?
WHO, in its effort to broaden the understanding of the effects of disease and disability on health, has recognized that health can be affected by the inability to carry out activities and participate in life situations caused by environmental barriers, as well as by problems that exist with body structures and body functions.
What is the definition of the Areas of Occupation?
Various kinds of life activities in which people engage, including the following categories: ADLs, IADLs, rest & sleep, education, work, play, leisure,and social participation.
Give an example of each of the following Areas of Occupation: ADL, IADL, Sleep, Education, Work, Play, Leisure, Social Participation
A few examples of each (not a complete list):
ADL - hygiene, toileting, sexual activity
IADL - child rearing, $ managment, shopping
Sleep - rest, sleep prep.
Education - formal/academic or informal/interest
Work - job performance, retirement prep.
Play - exploration and participation
Leisure - exploration and participation
Social Participation - community, family, peers
What are client factors?
Specific abilities, characteristics, or beliefs that reside within the client and may affect performance in areas of occupation.
What are the three main client factor categories?
Values, beliefs, & Spirituality
Define values, beliefs, & Spirituality
Give an example of each
Values - principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile by the client that holds them (example: fairness)
Beliefs - cognitive content held as true (example: hard work pays off)
Spirituality - the personal quest for understanding answers to ultimate questions about life, about meaning, and about relationship with the sacred or transcendent...(example: I believe in God)
Define body functions
Give one or more examples
The physiological functions of the body system
Examples: attention, memory, perception, emotion, thought, orientation, temperament, taste functions, etc.
Define body structures
Give one or more examples
Anatomical parts of the body, such as organs, limbs, and their components (support body function)
Examples: structures of the CNS, skin & related structures, etc.
Upon which system are client factors based?
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health proposed by the WHO.
Define Activity demands
The aspect of an activity, which include the objects and their physical properties, space, social demands, sequencing or timing, required actions or skills, and required underlying body functions and body structures needed to carry out the activity.
How do COTAs determine the demands that an activity will place on a client?
Analyze activities to understand what's required of the client; determine the relationship of the activity's requirements to engage in occupation
How do changes in features of an activity affect other features of the activity?
Changes in one feature of an activity may change the extend of the demand on another feature.