Administering Medications

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Basic Nursing
Chapter 16
Potter * Perry 7th edition Basic Nursing study guide
Grade levels:
Graduate school
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1

Placing medication under the tongue

Sublingual

2

The effect of 2 medications combined is greater than each given separately

Synergistic effect

3

Secondary effects of medication, such as nausea

Side effects

4

Unpredictable effect of medications

Idiosyncratic reaction

5

Fluid administered & retained in a body cavity

Instillation

6

Injection into tissues below the dermis of the skin

Subcutaneous

7

Severe allergic response characterized by bronchospasm

Anaphylactic reaction

8

Inserting medication into the eye

Intraocular

9

Administering medication through the oral, nasal, or pulmonary passages

Inhalation

10

Patient taking many medications

Polypharmacy

11

Placing solid medication against the mucous membranes of the cheek

Buccal

12

Injecting medication into body tissues

Parenteral administration

13

Provide an example of how a nurse's professional responsibility in administering medications is controlled or regulated.

Federal & state legislation, state Nurse Practice Acts, and agency policies & procedures control or regulate the nurse's administration of medications.

14

1A. Identify a strategy for a nurse to implement to avoid errors with medications that appear the same.

1A. Ordering medications by the generic name, including the diagnosis on the prescription, repeating reinforcing instructions w/the patient, advising patients to check medication labels, and having the patient report any changes in the medication's appearance.

15

1B. Identify a strategy for a nurse to implement to avoid errors with medications that appear the same.

Patient identifiers include name & patient identification number. Agencies may include other aids, such as the birth date or the bar code on the name band.

16

Provide an example of how each of the following factors can influence the actions of medications.
a. Dietary factors
b. Physiological variables
c. Environmental conditions

a. Dietary factors: Drug & nutrient interactions can alter a drug's action or the effect of the nurtient; proper drug metabolism relies on good nutrion