PSYCH462: Exam 1 Flashcards


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Physiological Psychology
updated 10 years ago by anw147
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College: Third year
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sychology, physiology
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1

The relationship between biology and behavior is best described as

biology influences behavior and behavior influences biology

2

watching a favorite sports team lose

may decrease a man's testosterone levels

3

during mummification, early Egyptians' discarded the

brain

4

which of the following thinkers correctly identified the brain as the source of intelligence?

Hippocrates

5

Descartes mind-body dualism is defined as a philosophical view that considers

mind and body to be two separate entities

6

the notion of neural communication via fluids was abandoned in response to the work of

Galvani and du Bois-Reymond

7

The effects of electrical stimulation of the nervous system were observed by

Galvani and du Bois-Reymond

8

Localization of function in the brain became established in large part due to the work of

Broca, Fritisch and Hitzig

9

THe study of microscopic structures and tissues is known as

histology

10

"fixing" tissue to be view refers to

preserving the tissue by freezing or use of fermalin

11

to observe fiber pathways within a sample of tissue, the best stain is probably a

myelin stain

12

if you want to locate a pathways' point of origin, on of the best stains is probably

horseradish peroxidase stain

13

drawbacks to CT technology for research include

increased risk to the participant from exposure to xrays

14

PET scans were made possible by the development of

the gamma camera

15

drawback to PET csans include

participants exposure to radioactive substances

16

In MRI technology magnetism is used to align

hydrogen atoms

17

in MRI technology, the area of the body to be imaged is exposed to

radio frequency pulses

18

A field potential is the

recorded activity of multiple cells

19

EEG recordings

primarily reflect the activity of clls near the surface fo the brain

20

The scalp, skull bones, and membranes covering the brain

block the brains electrical output more than its magnetic output

21

SQUID sensors are used in

magnetoencepholography (MEG)

22

Wilder Penfield and Robert Heath used which o the following techniques with their humanparticipants>

Electrical stimulation

23

Ratbots can be remote controlled by electrically stimulating

directional and reward centers of the brain

24

Reversible lesions are produced by applying

cold

25

the "Common RUle" refers to

a set of ethical standards for research shared by 17 federal agencies

26

Federal ethical guidelines apply to:

projects and institutions receiving federal support only

27

You want to do a study examining the effects of advertising on young children during Saturday morning cartoons. Which of the following is the first step you will need to take?

Write up a complete description of the proposed project and submit if to the human subjects review committee at the university you are attending

28

The correct ordering of layers of the meninges from the skull to the brain is

dura mater, arachnoid layer, pia mater

29

Which layers of the meninges are found in the periphal mervous system

pia mater and dura mater only

30

Cerebospinal fluid may be found in the

the ventricles, subarachnoid space, and central canal of the spinal cord

31

the blood supply to the brain is provided by the

carotid and vertebral artieries

32

if you go to the doctor with a temperature, horrible headache, and a stiff neck why might the doctor suggest a spinal tap?

The cerebrospinal fluid may tell the doctor if there is any evidence of meningitis or encephalitis

33

Why would the doctor want to do a spinal tap if she suspected that you had an infection of the brain

because the cerebrospinal of the spinal cord is continuous with the cerebrospinal fluid of the brain

34

running down the center of the spinal cord is the

central canal

35

Spinal neurons that pass motor information to the body's muscles may be found in

the ventral horns of the spinal cord

36

A person with cervical spinal cord damage is known as a __________, and experiences loss of sensation and motor control in _______________.

Quadriplegic; the arms and legs

37

The reticular formation is located

In the medulla, pond and midbrain

38

Autism is frequently associated with abnormalities in the

Cerebellum

39

Which of the following structures participates in our experience of pain?

Periaqueductal gray

40

The release of hormones by the pituitary gland is regulated primarily by the

Hypothalamus

41

The caudate nucleus, globes pallid us, and put amen make up the

Basal ganglia

42

Lesions on which of the following areas usually produce rage and attack behaviors

The septal areas

43

The bumps or ridges of the cerebral cortex are known as

Gyri

44

A particularly large sulcus is known as

A fissure

45

Primary somatosensory cortex is located in the

Parietal lones

46

Primary visual cortex is located in the

Occipital lobes

47

For the vast majority of the population which of the following functions are localized to the left hemisphere

Language

48

Which peripheral nerves enter and exit the brain itself

Cranial nerves

49

Internal stimuli such as the arrival of food in the digestive system normally activve

The parasympathetic nervous system

50

Salivation and digestion are inhibited during activation of

The sympathetic nervous system

51

Which of the following is a consequence of sympathetic nervous system activity

Increased heart rat

52

Broca's area

Frontal left lobe that affects language productions

53

Wernickes area

Located in the cerebral context; pertaining to speech

54

demonstrated that sensory and motor info travels in separate pathways

Bell and Magendie law

55

The cranial nerve nuclei is located:

in the medulla, pons, and midbrain

56

The cerebellum is associated with

coordination and cognition

57

the medulla is associated with

arousal

58

the following structures are associated with motor skills

the red nucleus and the substanita nigra

59

The hippocampus is associated with

formation of memories

60

the following structures are associated with sleep

raphe nucleus & locus nucleus

61

this represents the prehistoric understanding of the brains role in behavior

trepanation

62

The light microscope was invented by

Leewenhoek

63

THis individual developed new staining techniques allowing us to see the structure of single neurons

Golgi

64

Cajal believed

that the nervous system consisted of a vast array of separate nerve cells

65

Supporting his Neuron Doctrin this person was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906

Cajal

66

______________ proposed that the nervous system acted as a hierarchy

Hughlings-Jackson

67

Simon LeVay studied ___________

INAH-3 upon the autopsy of gay men with Aids

68

CT Scanners use _________ to produce high resolution images of ________ like the brain

x-ray; soft tissue

69

This was the first technique to provide information about brain activity

PET

70

This type of technology allows to view very high resolution images of the brain, but is having an increasing affect on behavior:

MRI's

71

This is used to study the states of consciousness and seizures

EEG

72

responses to environmental stimuli; useful in studying perception

Evoked Potentials

73

This disease is the genetic degenerative disease that affects motor control____________, where as __________ is the environmental counterpart.

Huntingtons; Parkinsons

74

__________ or ___________ are located toward the head

rostral;anterior

75

________or___________ are located towards the tail

posterior;caudal

76

__________or___________ are located toward the back

dorsal;superior

77

__________or __________ are located toward the belly

ventral; inferior

78

___________sections divide the brain from front to back

coronal

79

__________ sections are parallel to the midline and give us a side view of the brain

sagittal

80

_________or _______ sections divide the brain from top to bottom

axial;horizontal

81

the sensory relay station

thalamus

82

related to major drives

hypothalamus

83

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal are all parts of the

spinal cord

84

This lobe is responsible for motivation, personality, cognitive tasks such as judgment

Frontal

85

This lobe is responsible for processing tangible stimuli

parietal

86

This lobe is responsible for processing visual stimulation

occipital

87

This lobe is responsible for language comprehension and auditory

Temporal

88

What lobe did Phineas Gage damage most severely

Frontal

89

Which Nervous system is responsible for managing vital function without conscious effort?

ANS

90

Which Nervous System is responsible for stimulus response and physiological changes

PNS

91

Which Nervous system is responsible for information processing and consists of the brain and spinal cord?

CNS