Chapter 49- completed

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created 6 years ago by MeaganShanahan
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this is for exam 2. Before the study guide, made right from power point
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College: Third year
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1

sensory perception

involves the stimulation of sensory nerve fibers and the transmission of impulses to higher centers within the brain

2

reception

stimulation of a receptor such as light, touch, or sound

3

Perception

integration and interpretation of stimuli

4

reaction

only the most important stimuli will elicit a reaction

5

factors Affecting sensory function

age, meaningful stimuli,number of stimuli,social interaction,cultural and environmental factors

6

How can you tell if a pathology exists?

identify persons is at risk of sensory alterations during assessment: sensory alteration history, mental status, physical assessment,health promotion,environmental hazards,communication methods, social support,use of assistive devices or other factors affecting perception

7

aphasia

have varied degrees of inability to speak, interpret, or understand language.

8

Expressive aphasia

a motor type of aphasia, is the inability to name common objects or express simple ideas in words or writing.

9

Sensory or receptive aphasia

is the inability to understand written or spoken language

10

Nursing Diagnosis (examples)

Risk-prone health behavior
Impaired verbal communication
Risk for injury
Impaired physical mobility
Risk for falls
Social isolation
Bathing self-care deficit
Dressing self-care deficit
Toileting self-care deficit
Situational low self-esteem

11

Planning strategies

include family members, use standards as guides,Partner with the patient to set realistic goals and achievable outcomes, Make safety a top priority,Value other professionals’ contributions,Consider community-based resources.

12

examples of Effective Interventions(non acute care)

Patients can learn to adjust to sensory impairments at any age with the proper support and resources.
Health promotion
Screening
Preventive safety (trauma, vaccines)
Use of contact lenses, eyeglasses, hearing aids
Promotion of meaningful stimuli
Creating a safe environment
Communication

13

Examples of Effective Interventions (Acute Care)

Orientation to the environment-address patient by name,place call light with in reach, use night lights, reduce clutter
Communication
Control of stimuli-reducing sensory overload, combining nursing duties,extraneous noise
Safety measures- walking with someone who has a visual impairment

14

Examples of Effective Interventions(restorative or continuing care)

Maintaining healthy lifestyles
Understanding sensory loss
Socialization
Promoting self-care
Increases self-esteem
Enhances safety awareness

15

The patient is the only person who can tell you if sensory ability has improved as a result of nursing interventions.

The patient is the only person who can tell you if sensory ability has improved as a result of nursing interventions.