Located behind the central sulcus.
o Major function is to mediate attention.
o Sensory detection, perception and interpretation
o Responsible for detection of incoming sensory information which comes from the thalamus.
o Primary sensory cortex for interpretation of sensation from skin
o Muscle-strength receptors
o Joint receptors
o Shape dimensions
o Mathematical abilities
o Association cortex, together with a section of the temporal lobe, is responsible for long term storage of vocabulary words.
• Located below the lateral fissure.
includes hippocampus and amygdala of the Limbic System
Primary auditory cortex
Processing center for one's balance and equilibrium.
Complex patterns such as faces
Contributes to the perceptions of complex patterns such as some emotional and motivational behaviors.
Amygdala processes emotion, especially the fear response.
Plays a role in number and language skill.
Located at the back of the brain, behind the parietal lobe and temporal lobe.
Primary visual cortex
Receives/processes visual stimuli from optic tracts, thalamus and midbrain.
Seeing in three dimensions.
Responsible for detection, not interpretation of visual input.
Visual association areas are responsible for interpretation
The ability to select objects within the environment and focus the gaze upon them.
The ability to distinguish different types of forms plays an important role in visual recognition of objects, in visually guided manipulations and in variation within the environment.
Figure Ground Perception:
The ability to distinguish the foreground from the background. “The separation of figures from background is accomplished by the visual system based on differences in features such as color, luminance, depth, orientation, texture or motion, and temporal information.
Ability to judge distances, distinguish forms and separate objects from a surrounding background results in the ability to perceive objects and their relationship to the individual or to each other.
Temperal lobe left side
Comprehension of the spoken word (language)
spatial memory (knowing how to get from one place to another).
is responsible for creating new memories and