A short course in medical terminology

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 7 years ago by ryanandisa08
163 views
Ch01-03
updated 7 years ago by ryanandisa08
Grade levels:
College: First year
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

-scopy

visual examination

2

singular term ending in -a EXAMPLE scapula

to form plural add "e" EXAMPLE scapulae

3

singular term ending in -ax EXAMPLE thorax

to form plural change -ax to -aces EXAMPLE thoraces

4

When analyzing/translating medical terms...

start at the END of the word, with suffix and moving to prefix, and finally root.

5

singular term ending in -is EXAMPLE: neurosis

form plural by changing "i" to "e" EXAMPLE neuroses

6

singular term ends in -ix or -ie EXAMPLE: cervix

form plural by changing ending to -ices EX: cervices

7

term ending in -um EX: septum

form plural by changing the "um" to an "a" EX: septa

8

term ending in -us EX: calculus

form plural by changing the "us" to an "i" EX: calculi

9

term ends in -y EX: biopsy

form plural by dropping they "y" and adding "ies" EX: biopsies

10

ger/o, geront/o

aged

11

-centesis

surgical puncture

12

-graph

write, record

13

contra-, anti-

against

14

en-, endo-, intra-

within, inner

15

epi-

above, upon

16

-hyper,-supra

excessive, above

17

-ac, -al, -ar, -ia, -ic, -ory

pertaining to

18

a combining form is composed of what two word parts?

root and combining vowel

19

-stenosis

narrowing

20

-cele

protrusion, hernia EX: rectocele

21

-dynia, -algia

pain EX: arthrodynia

22

-ectasis, -ectasia

expansion or dilation EX: angiectasis

23

-iasis

presence of, formation of EX: cholelithiasis

24

-ism

condition, process, or state of EX: dwarfism

25

-malacia

softening EX: osteomalacia

26

-osis

abnormal condition EX: osteoporosis

27

-penia

reduction of size or quantity EX: leukopenia

28

-ptosis

downward displacement EX: nephroptosis

29

-rrhage

flowing forth EX: hemorrhage

30

-rrhexis

rupture EX: hysterorrhexis ( Rupture of the uterus)

31

-desis

surgical binding EX: arthrodesis

32

-gen, -genic, -genesis

origin, producing EX: osteogenic

33

-metry

act of measuring EX: audiometry

34

-pexy

surgical fixation EX: hysteropexy

35

-rrhaphy

suture EX: herniorrhaphy

36

-tomy

incision EX: colotomy

37

-tripsy

crushing EX: lithotripsy {the pulverization and removal of urinary calculi using a lithotripter(a device used for fragmenting kidney stones with ultrasound waves)}

38

-emesis

vomiting EX: hematemesis

39

-lith

a stone, calculus, calcification EX: pneumolith

40

-poiesis

producing or formation EX: erythropoiesis

41

-ptosis

drooping EX: nephroptosis

42

-stenosis

narrowed, blocked EX: arteriostenosis

43

-tome

instrument for cutting EX: osteotome

44

what are the four logical divisions?

1. prefixes of time or speed EX: brady-
2. prefixes of direction EX: con-,sym-, syn- (with)
3. prefixes of position EX: meso- (middle)
4. prefixes of size or number EX: pan- (all, everywhere)

45

dia-

across, through EX: diarrhea

46

ec-, ecto-, ex-, exo-

outside EX: ectopy

47

-epi

upon, subsequent to EX: epigastric

48

infra-

inside or below EX: infrastructure

49

meso-

middle EX: mesothelium

50

-meta

beyond EX: metacarpal

51

pan-

all, everywhere EX: pancarditis

52

retro-

backward, behind EX: retroperitoneal

53

di-, dipl-

two, twice EX: diplopia

54

tetra-, quadri-

four EX: tetradactyl, quadriceps

55

extra-

beyond EX: extasystole

56

-ian

specialist EX: pediatrician

57

-iatrics, -iatry, -ics

medical specialty EX: pediatrics

58

-ist

specialist in a field of study

59

-logy

study of EX: gynecology

60

cerv/o

neck

61

-chondr/o

cartilage

62

inguin/o

groin

63

myel/o

spinal cord

64

_____are composed of similar cells that work together to perform common tasks

tissues

65

four types of body tissues

muscle, connective, nervous, epithelial

66

______are structures that perform specialized functions.

organs

67

_____coordinates the reception of stimuli

nervous system

68

_____integrates all body functions

endocrine system

69

_______holds body erect

muscular system

70

________carries waste products to the kidneys and lungs.

circulatory system

71

_________returns excess fluids and cellular waste to the circulatory system.

immune system

72

_________brings oxygen into the body for transportation to the cells.

respiratory system

73

__________permits the creation of new life.

reproductive system

74

_________filters blood to remove wastes and excretes liquid waste.

urinary system

75

_________eliminates solid wastes.

digestive system

76

Directional terms are always relative to the ________.

anatomical position

77

supine

pt is horizontal and laying face up

78

prone

lying face down

79

cephalad

toward the head

80

caudal

toward the soles of feet

81

What are the five sections of the spinal column?

1. cervical (neck,7 bones)
2. thoracic (chest, 12 bones)
3. lumbar (lower back, below waist, 5 bones)
4. sacral (lower back, 5 fused bones)
5. coccygeal or coccyx (tailbone, 3-4 fused bones)

82

-oid

Of similar form to, but not the same as

83

-oma

tumor

84

edema

swelling due to fluid retention

85

stomach quadrant

LUQ

86

gallbladder quadrant

RUQ

87

spleen quadrant

LUQ

88

PANCREAS quadrant

both left and right upper midline

89

appendix quadrant

RLQ

90

LIVER quadrant

RUQ