Chapter 2 cell

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Cell structure,viewing cell,viruses
updated 7 years ago by 20csantanasantiago
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Cell

Smallest unit of an organism that can carry on life function.

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Cell membrane

Protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the interaction between the cell and the environment.

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Cell Theory

States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, the cell is the basic unit of life, and all cells come from other cells.

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Cell Wall

Rigid structure that enclose,supports, and protects cells the plants, algae, fungi, and most bacteria.

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Chloroplast

Green,chlorophyll-containing, plants-cell organelle that uses light energy to produce sugar from carbon dioxide and water.

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Cytoplasm

Constantly moving gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane that contains heredity material and is the location of most of a cell's life processes.

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Endoplasmic Reticulum

Cytoplasmic organelle that moves material around in a cell and it's made up of complex series of folded membranes; can be rough(with attached ribosomes

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Golgi Body

Organelles that package cellular materials and transport them within the cell or out of the cell.

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Host Cell

Living cell in which a virus can actively multiply or in which a virus can hide an activated by environmental stimuli.

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Mitochondrion

Cell organelle that breaks down food and releases energy.

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Nucleus

Organelle that controls all the activities of a cell and contains hereditary material made of proteins and DNA.

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Organ

Structure, such as the heart, made up of different types of tissues that all works together.

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Organelle

Structure in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that can act in strong site, process energy, move materials, or manufacture substances.

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Ribosome

Small cytoplasmic structure on which cells make their own proteins.

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Tissue

Group of similar cells that work together to do one job.

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Virus

A strand of hereditary material surrounded by a protein coating.