Foundations: Fundamentals of Nursing, Exemplars - Chapter 22 and 23
Nurse Practice Act
define and describe the legal boundaries of nursing practice within each state.
Obligation to report
is ethical responsibility to report any abuse of any sort. In medical field it is required, no option around reporting it.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Mandates the protection of patients' personal health information. Law provides rights to patients and protects employees. from losing insurance when changing jobs.
includes living wills, health care proxies, and durable powers of attorney for health care. They are based on values of informed consent, patient autonomy over end of life decisions, truth telling, and control over the dying process.
ANA code of ethics
was developed as a guide for carrying out nursing responsibilities in a manner consistent with quality in nursing care and the ethical obligations of the profession.
are standards of conduct defining the kind of behavior an ethical person should and should not engage in.
Some are guaranteed by federal law, such as the right to get a copy of your medical records, and the right to keep them private. Many states have additional laws protecting patients, and healthcare facilities often have a patient bill of rights.
An important patient right is informed consent. This means that if you need a treatment, your health care provider should give you the information you need to make a decision.