Micro: Normal Flora

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created 8 years ago by jgaversa5
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updated 8 years ago by jgaversa5
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1

what does normal flora refer to

bacteria and fungi that are permanent residents of different body sites

2

should internal organs have normal flora

no

3

what is the carrier state

colonization by a potential pathogenic organism that can be a source of infection to others

4

what is the important normal flora of the skin

staph epidermidis

5

what is the improtant normal flora of the nose

s. aureus

6

what is the improtant normal flora of the mouth

strep viridans

7

what is the important normal flora of the dental plaque

strep mutans

8

what is the important normal flora of the gingival crevicles

bacteroides, fusobacterium, streptococci, actinomyces

9

what is the important normal flora of the throat

s. viridans

10

what is the important normal flora of the color

bacteroides fragilis
E. coli

11

what is the important normal flora of the vagina

lactobacillus
e. coli
group B strep

12

what are the roles of normal flora

1. cause disaes in immunocompromised or debilitated individuals

2. can be pathogenic if outside normal anatomic location

3. interfere with colonization by potential pathogens and so they are protectve; antibiotics disrupt the normal flora

4. nutritional funciton: make vitamin K and B vitamins

13

where is the bacteroides species considered normal flora

throat colon vagina

14

where is candida albicans considered normal flora

mouth colon vagina

15

where is clostridium considered normal flora

colon

16

where is diptheria considered normal flora

nasopharynx
skin
vagina

17

where is enterococcus faecalis considered normal flora

colon

18

where is e. coli and other coliforms considered normal flora

colon
vagina
outer urethra

19

where is gardnerella considered normal flora

vagina

20

where is haemophilus considered normal flora

nasopharynx, conjunctiva

21

where is lactobacillus considered normal flora

mouth
colon
vagina

22

where is neisseria considered normal flora

mouth
nasopharynx

23

where is propionibacterium considered normal flora

skin

24

where are pseudomonas aeruginosa considered normal flora

colon, skin

25

where are staph epidermidis considered normal flora

skin nose mouth vagina urethra

26

where is s. aureus considered normal flora

nose, skin

27

what is a pathogen

organism capable of causing disease

28

what is an opportunistic pathogen

unusual causes of diseas in healthy individuals but take the opportunity to cause disaes in immunocompromised patients

29

what is virulence

a measure of how readily an organism will cause disaes

30

what are virulence factors

characteristics of the organism that are responsible for enabling it to cause disease

31

what does something being "communicable" mean

infectiomns that are spread from host to hose

32

what is an epidemic

infection in a population that occurs much more frequently than usually

33

what is a pandemic

worldwide epidemic