Tx Govt Ch 7 Notecards
1936: Arnold Vale (D-Rio Grand City) is first Hispanic elected to the Legislature (House) in the 20th century.
1966: First African Americans elected since 1896: Barbara Jordan (D-Houston), Reps. Curtis Graves (D-Houston), and Joe Lockridge (D-Dallas).
1970: La Raza Unida Party founded to elect Mexican-American candidates.
1973: Mexican-American Legislative Caucus and Texas Black Caucus are founded.
Anglos are by far the largest group comprising, even today, just under 70% of legislators.
Black legislators make up 8.8% of the legislators.
Hispanic legislators constitute 20% of the legislators.
1922: Edith Wilmans is first woman elected to Legislature (House).
1971: Texas Women's Political Caucus founded to elect women.
1990: Anne Richards (D) is elected Governor.
2003: For the first time, the House has more Republican (20) than Democratic (12) women.
Until the 1990s, the Democratic Party was the dominant legislative party in Texas.
The Latino population has grown significantly since the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Texas ranks first in the percentage of lawmakers who are lawyers, with 30.4 percent of Texas lawmakers holding law degrees.
The primary qualification for winning legislative office is access to money.
Texas senators are elected for 4 year staggered terms and representatives for 2 year terms.