Tx Govt Ch 8 Vcab

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1

Little legislatures

Another name for standing committees because most of the work of legislation occurs in committees.

2

Pigeonhole

To kill a bill in standing committee usually by setting it aside without taking any action at all.

3

Mark up

Rewrite of a bill in stand-ing committee, usually substantially altering it by adding or deleting major provisions.

4

Discharge process

A rarely used legislative process for rescuing a bill pigeonholed in standing committee.

5

Tagging

A senate rule that allows a senator to demand a 48 hour advance notifi cation before a standing committee holds hearings on a particular bill.

6

Bureaucratic oversight

The legislative function of monitoring administra-tors to make sure they are administering the laws according to legislative intent.

7

Calendar

The list of bills reported out of committee and ready for consideration by the house or the senate.

8

Suspension of the rule

The setting aside of the rules of the legislative body so that another set of rules can be used.

9

Blocking bill

A bill placed early on the senate calendar that will never be considered by the full senate. Its purpose is to require two-thirds of the senators to vote to suspend the senate rule that requires bills to be considered in the order they are reported out of committee. The effect is that any bill appearing later on the calendar must have the support of 2/3 of the senate if it is to be allowed to come up for debate and passage.

10

Floor Action

The entire senate or house acting as a whole to debate, amend, vote on, enact, pass, or defeat proposed legislation.

11

Quorum

The number of members that the rules require to be present to conduct official business. In the Texas Senate and House, two- thirds of the total membership is necessary to take most floor actions.

12

Floor leaders

The legislators who are responsible for getting legislation passed or defeated. Their job is to negotiate, bargain, and compromise because they are in the center of political communication.

13

Point of order

A formal objection that rules of procedure are not being followed on the house floor. Successfully raising a point of order can result in the postponement or defeat of a bill.

14

Chubbing

Slowing the legislative process by maximizing debate, amendments, and points of order on minor bills to prevent ultimate consideration of a more controversial bill further down on the calendar.

15

Recorded votes

Votes in which the names of those who cast the vote are recorded in the house journal

16

Voice vote

An oral vote cast by lawmakers that is not recorded in the official record..

17

Filibuster

An attempt by a senator to delay a bill by unlimited debate.

18

Conference committee

An ad hoc committee that meets to resolve differences between senate and house versions of the same legislation.

19

Conference committee report

A compromise between the house and senate versions of a bill reached by a conference committee. It may not be amended by either house but must either be rejected, accepted, or sent back to the committee for more work.

20

Cloture

A parliamentary move to stop legislative debate and force a floor vote; also known as closure.

21

Committee of the whole

The entire senate acting as a committee. Its purpose is to allow the senate to relax its rules and thereby expedite legislation.

22

Legislative Budget Board (LBB)

The body responsible for proposing the legislature’s version of the proposed biennial budget. The governor also proposes a budget to the legislature.

23

Legislative Council

The body that provides research support, information, and bill- drafting assistance to legislators.

24

Legislative Audit Committee

The body that performs audits of state agencies and departments for the legislature.

25

Sunset Advisory Commission

A body that systematically evaluates most government agencies and departments and may recommend restructuring, abolishing, or altering the jurisdiction of an agency.