Tx Govt Ch 6 Vocab

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1

Lobbying

Direct contact between an interest group representative and an offi cer of government.

2

Interest group

An organization that expresses the policy desires of its mem-bers to offi cers and institutions of government; also known as a pressure group.

3

Pressure group

See interest group.

4

Lobbyist

In state law, a person who directly contacts public offi cials to infl uence their decisions. Registered lobbyists are paid to represent the interests of their employers.

5

Advocacy

Promotion of a particular public policy position.

6

Implementation

Carrying out by members of the executive branch any policy made by the legislature and judiciary.

7

Cooptation

The capturing of an institution by members of an interest group. In effect, in such a situation, state power comes to be exercised by the members of the private interest.

8

Delegate

To legally transfer authority from one official or institution to another.

9

Discretion

The power to make decisions on the basis of personal judg-ment rather than specifi c legal requirements.

10

Public interest

The good of the whole society, without bias for or against any particular segment of the society.

11

Conflict of interest

The situation that exists when a legislator, bureaucrat, executive, official, or judge is in a position to make a decision that might result in personal economic benefit or advantage.

12

Astroturf lobbying

The fabrication of public sup-port for issues supported by industry and special interest groups but which give the impression of widespread public support.

13

Texas Register

The official publication of the state that gives the public notice of proposed actions and adopted policies of executive branch agencies.

14

Revolving door

The interchange of employees between government agencies and the private businesses with which they have dealings.

15

Fragmentation

Division of power among separately elected executive officers. A plural executive is a fragmented executive.

16

Access

The ability to contact an official either in person or by phone. Campaign contributions are often used to gain access.

17

Late-train contributions

Campaign funds given to the winning candidate after the election up to 30 days before the legislature comes into session. Such contributions are designed to curry favor with individuals the donors may not have supported originally.

18

Umbrella organization

An organization created by interest groups to promote common goals. Several interest groups may choose to coordinate their efforts to influence government when they share the same policy goal. The organization may be temporary or permanent.

19

Iron triangle

A working coalition among administrative agencies, clientele interest groups, and legislative committees that share a common interest in seeing either the implementation or the defeat of certain policies and proposals.

20

Issue network

Fluid alliances of individuals and organizations who are interested in a particular policy area and join together when policy- making topics affect their interests.

21

Political movement

A mass alliance of like minded groups and individuals seeking broad changes in the direction of government policies.