Tx Govt Ch 4 Vocabulary

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 7 years ago by lsudduth
30 views
updated 7 years ago by lsudduth
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Participation paradox

The fact that citizens vote even though a single vote rarely determines an election.

2

Voter turnout

The percentage of people who are eligible to vote that actually vote.

3

Voting-age population(VAP)

The total number of persons in the United States who are 18 years of age or older, regardless of citizenship, military status, felony conviction, or mental state.

4

Direct primary

A method of selecting the nominees from a political party where party members elect the candidates who represent them in the general election.

5

Runoff primary

A second primary election that pits the two top vote- getters from the first primary, where the winner in that primary did not receive a majority. The runoff primary is used in states such as Texas that have a majority election rule in party primaries.

6

Open primary

A type of party primary where a voter can choose on election day in which primary they will participate.

7

Closed primary

A type of primary where a voter can participate only in the primary for the party of which they are a member.

8

Crossover voting

When members of one political party vote in the other party’s primary to infl uence the nominee that is selected

9

Plurality vote

An election rule in which the candidate with the most votes wins regardless of whether it is a majority.

10

Party column ballot

A type of ballot used in a general election where all of the candidates from each party are listed in parallel columns.

11

Office block ballot

A type of ballot used in a general election where the offices are listed across the top, in separate blocks.

12

Australian ballot

A ballot printed by the government ( as opposed to the political parties) that allows people to vote in secret.

13

Early voting

The practice of voting before election day at traditional voting locations, such as schools, and other locations, such as grocery and convenience stores.

14

Chad

The small pieces of paper produced in punching data cards, such as punch- card ballots.

15

Electronic voting

Voting using touch screens similar to e ticket check ins at most airports.

16

Negative campaigning

A strategy used in election campaigns in which candidates attack opponents’ issue positions or character.

17

Political action committees (PACs)

Organizations that raise and then contribute money to political candidates.

18

Soft money

Money spent by political parties on behalf of political candidates, especially for the purposes of increasing voter registration and turnout.

19

Independent expenditures

Money individuals and organizations spend to promote a candidate without working or communicating directly with the candidate’s campaign organization.