Chap 9 - Table 9.2 MUSCLE TERMINOLOGY

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Human Anatomy
Chapter 9
updated 7 years ago by SakuraRN
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1

Terms Indicating Direction
Relative to Axes of the Body

...

2

ANTERIOR

front

3

EXTERNUS

superficial

4

EXTRINSIC

outside

5

INFERIORIS

inferior

6

INTERNUS

deep, internal

7

INTRINSIC

inside

8

LATERALIS

lateral

9

MEDIALIS/MEDIUS

medial, middle

10

OBLIQUE

angular

11

POSTERIOR

back

12

PROFUNDUS

deep

13

RECTUS

straight, parallel

14

SUPERFICIALIS

superficial

15

SUPERIORIS

superior

16

TRANSVERSUS

transverse

17

Terms Indicating Specific
Regions of the Body

...

18

ABDOMINIS

abdomen

19

ANCONEUS

elbow

20

AURICULARIS

auricle of ear

21

BRACHIALIS

brachium

22

CAPITIS

head

23

CARPI

wrist

24

CERVICIS

neck

25

CLEIDO-/-CLAVIUS

clavicle

26

COCCYGEUS

coccyx

27

COSTALIS

ribs

28

CUTANEOUS

skin

29

FEMORIS

femur

30

GENIO-

chin

31

GLOSSO/GLOSSAL

tongue

32

HALLUCIS

great toe

33

ILIO-

ilium

34

INGUINAL

groin

35

LUMBORUM

lumbar region

36

NASALIS

nose

37

NUCHAL

back of neck

38

OCULO-

eye

39

ORIS

mouth

40

PALPEBRAE

eyelid

41

POLLICIS

thumb

42

POPLITEUS

behind knee

43

PSOAS

loin

44

RADIALIS

radius

45

SCAPULARIS

scapula

46

TEMPORALIS

temples

47

THORACIS

thoracic region

48

TIBIALIS

tibia

49

ULNARIS

ulna

50

URO-

urinary

51

Terms Indicating Structural
Characteristics of the Muscle

...

52

ORIGIN

...

53

BICEPS

two heads

54

TRICEPS

three heads

55

QUADRICEPS

four heads

56

SHAPE

...

57

DELTOID

triangle

58

ORBICULARIS

circle

59

PECTINATE

comblike

60

PIRIFORMIS

pear-shaped

61

PLATYS-

flat

62

PYRAMIDAL

pyramid

63

RHOMBOIDEUS

rhomboid

64

SERRATUS

serrated

65

SPLENIUS

bandage

66

TERES

long and round

67

TRAPEZIUS

trapezoid

68

OTHER STRIKING FEATURES

...

69

ALBA

white

70

BREVIS

short

71

GRACILIS

slender

72

LATA

wide

73

LATISSIMUS

widest

74

LONGISSIMUS

longest

75

LONGUS

long

76

MAGNUS

large

77

MAJOR

larger

78

MAXIMUS

largest

79

MINIMUS

smallest

80

MINOR

smaller

81

TENDINOSUS

tendinous

82

VASTUS

great

83

Terms Indicating Actions

...

84

GENERAL

...

85

ABDUCTOR

away from the midline

86

ADDUCTOR

towards the midline

87

DEPRESSOR

drawing down

88

EXTENSOR

extends a part of the body

89

FLEXOR

brings two bones closer together, causing flexion of the part or a decreased angle of the joint

90

LEVATOR

raises or elevates a part

91

PRONATOR

pronates, as in prone position

92

ROTATOR

revolving a part on its axis

93

SUPINATOR

producing supination

94

TENSOR

makes a part tense

95

SPECIFIC

...

96

BUCCINATOR

trumpeter

97

RISORIUS

laugher

98

SARTORIUS

like a tailor