The Haber Process
What is the Haber Process?
The Haber Process is the process used for making ammonia in large quantities mostly for commercial use.
What are the reactants used in the Haber Process?
The reactants used in the Haber Process are Nitrogen and Hydrogen, where Nitrogen is obtained from air and Hydrogen is obtained from methane or naptha.
What is the equation for the reaction during the Haber Process?
The equation N2+3H2↔2NH3.
What are the conditions for the Haber Process?
1) Excess Nitrogen (the equilibrium will shift to the right to remove the nitrogen).
2) High pressure(there are 4 molecules of gas on the left hand side).The equilibrium will shift to the right to reduce the pressure.
3)Low temperature (since the forward reaction is exothermic, the equilibrium will shift in the exothermic direction).
4) Iron catalyst (a low temperature slows down the reaction, using a catalyst speeds up the reaction).
What are the uses of Ammonia?
1) The manufacture of fertilisers.
2) The manufacture of Nitric Acid.
3) Cleaning fluids.