Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory Manual: the brain (ch 13) Flashcards
Name the lobes of the cerebrum
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal and insula
In the brain, is white matter deep or superficial?
Name the three layers of meninges
dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
Which meningeal fold is located in the longitudinal fissure? Falx cerebelli, tentorium cerebelli, falx cerebri or diaphragma sella
What space separates the dura mater from the arachnoid?
Which foramen connects the lateral ventricles and the third ventricle?
interventricular foramen (foramen of Monro)
What fills the ventricles?
What does the fourth ventricle become continuous with?
central canal of the spinal cord
Which is NOT a function of cerebrospinal fluid: transportation, support, communication or cushioning
What type of cells form the blood-brain barrier?
The cerebellum, pons and medulla oblongata make up the: forebrain, midbrain, or hindbrain
Is the cerebrum (forebrain) involved in high level functions or primitive functions?
high level functions
What is the deep medial groove that separates the right and left hemispheres?
In which lobe is the visual cortex found?
The myelinated nerve fibers in the brain travel in groups called tracts. Which type of tract connect different regions of the same hemisphere?
Masses of cerebral gray matter buried deep in the white matter are called:
Which of these is NOT part of the limbic system? Cingulate gyrus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala
What type of INTEGRATIVE functions involve the association cortex?
interpretation of sensory input; planning of motor output; cognitive (thought) processes; storage and retrieval of memories
What is the only special sense that can reach the cortex of the brain without going through the thalamus?
General senses that are widely distributed over the body (including touch, pressure, strech, temperature and pain)are called:
Where is the primary motor cortex located?
The precentral gyrus (think of the homunculus diagram)
Which of the following is the primary site of cognition (the mental processes of acquiring and using knowledge): cerebrum, midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata
cerebrum (prefrontal cortex)
Name the two kinds of memory
procedural memory, declarative memory
Which system (that includes the amygdala and hippocampus) helps establish memories?
Which structure is called the "gateway to the cerebral cortex" since nearly all sensory signals pass through it?
What is the major control center of the autonomic nervous system and endocrine systems?
What structure controls our food and water intake?
What are the four bulges located on the posterior of the midbrain (they receive and process sight and sound stimuli)?
Which part of the brain primarily controls motor actions such as: smooth muscle contractions, muscle tone, motions of joints, coordination of eye and body movements, learning and storing motor skills? (hint: it's in the hindbrain)
Which part of the hindbrain is responsible for communication between the cerebrum and cerebellum?
What structure connects the brain with the spinal cord?
Which structure is responsible for some of the most basic physiological functions such as regulation of the heartbeat and breathing?
What is cranial nerve II called and what is it responsible for?
Optic nerve (sight)
Which cranial nerve is primarily responsible for the parasympathetic nervous system?
cranial nerve X (vagus)