the brain (ch 13)

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1

Name the lobes of the cerebrum

frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal and insula

2

In the brain, is white matter deep or superficial?

Deep

3

Name the three layers of meninges

dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater

4

Which meningeal fold is located in the longitudinal fissure? Falx cerebelli, tentorium cerebelli, falx cerebri or diaphragma sella

falx cerebri

5

What space separates the dura mater from the arachnoid?

subdural space

6

Which foramen connects the lateral ventricles and the third ventricle?

interventricular foramen (foramen of Monro)

7

What fills the ventricles?

Cerebrospinal fluid

8

What does the fourth ventricle become continuous with?

central canal of the spinal cord

9

Which is NOT a function of cerebrospinal fluid: transportation, support, communication or cushioning

communication

10

What type of cells form the blood-brain barrier?

Astrocytes

11

The cerebellum, pons and medulla oblongata make up the: forebrain, midbrain, or hindbrain

hindbrain

12

Is the cerebrum (forebrain) involved in high level functions or primitive functions?

high level functions

13

What is the deep medial groove that separates the right and left hemispheres?

Longitudinal fissure

14

In which lobe is the visual cortex found?

Occipital love

15

The myelinated nerve fibers in the brain travel in groups called tracts. Which type of tract connect different regions of the same hemisphere?

association tracts

16

Masses of cerebral gray matter buried deep in the white matter are called:

basal nuclei

17

Which of these is NOT part of the limbic system? Cingulate gyrus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala

hypothalamus

18

What type of INTEGRATIVE functions involve the association cortex?

interpretation of sensory input; planning of motor output; cognitive (thought) processes; storage and retrieval of memories

19

What is the only special sense that can reach the cortex of the brain without going through the thalamus?

olfactory (smell)

20

General senses that are widely distributed over the body (including touch, pressure, strech, temperature and pain)are called:

somatosensory

21

Where is the primary motor cortex located?

The precentral gyrus (think of the homunculus diagram)

22

Which of the following is the primary site of cognition (the mental processes of acquiring and using knowledge): cerebrum, midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata

cerebrum (prefrontal cortex)

23

Name the two kinds of memory

procedural memory, declarative memory

24

Which system (that includes the amygdala and hippocampus) helps establish memories?

Limbic system

25

Which structure is called the "gateway to the cerebral cortex" since nearly all sensory signals pass through it?

Thalamus

26

What is the major control center of the autonomic nervous system and endocrine systems?

Hypothalamus

27

What structure controls our food and water intake?

Hypothalamus

28

What are the four bulges located on the posterior of the midbrain (they receive and process sight and sound stimuli)?

corpora quadrigemina

29

Which part of the brain primarily controls motor actions such as: smooth muscle contractions, muscle tone, motions of joints, coordination of eye and body movements, learning and storing motor skills? (hint: it's in the hindbrain)

cerebellum

30

Which part of the hindbrain is responsible for communication between the cerebrum and cerebellum?

Pons

31

What structure connects the brain with the spinal cord?

Medulla oblongata

32

Which structure is responsible for some of the most basic physiological functions such as regulation of the heartbeat and breathing?

Medulla oblongata

33

What is cranial nerve II called and what is it responsible for?

Optic nerve (sight)

34

Which cranial nerve is primarily responsible for the parasympathetic nervous system?

cranial nerve X (vagus)