Chapter 6 Disease

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1

alg/o, algi/o, algesi/o

pain

Ex. algesia
condition of having pain

2

carcin/o

cancer, carcinoma

Ex. carsinoid
resembling cancer

3

cyst/o

filled sac or pouch, cyst, bladder

Ex. cystic
pertaining to or having cysts

4

lith

calculus, stone

Ex. lithiasis
stone formation

5

onc/o

tumor

Ex. oncogenic
causing a tumor

6

path/o

disease

Ex. pathogen
organism that produces disease

7

py

pus

Ex. pyocyst
cyst filled with pus

8

pyr/o, pyret/o

fever, fire

Ex. pyrexia
fever

9

scler/o

hard

Ex. sclerosis
hardening of tissue

10

tox/o. toxic/o

poison

Ex. endotoxin
toxin within bacterial cells

11

bacill/i, bacill/o

bacillus

Ex. bacilluria
bacilli in the urine

12

bacteri/o

bacterium

Ex. bacteriostatic
stopping (stasis) the growth of bacteria

13

myc/o

fungus, mold

Ex. mycotic
pertaining to fungus

14

vir/o

virus

Ex. viremia
presence of viruses in the blood (-emia)

15

brady-

slow

Ex. bradypnea
slow breathing (-pnea) rate

16

dys-

abnormal, painful, difficult

Ex. dysplasia
abnormal development (plas) of tissue

17

mal-

bad, poor

Ex. malabsorption
poor absorption of nutrients

18

pachy-

thick

Ex. pachycephaly
abnormal thickness of the skull

19

tachy-

rapid

Ex. tachycardia
rapid heart (cardi/o) rate

20

xero-

dry

Ex. xeroderma
dryness of the skin

21

staphyl/o-

grape-like cluster

Ex. staphylococcus
a round bacterium that forms clusters

22

strept/o-

twisted chain

Ex. a rod-shaped bacterium that forms chains

23

-algia, -algesis

pain

Ex. neuralgia
pain in a nerve (neur/o)

24

-cele

hernia, localized dilation

Ex. gastrocele
hernia of the stomach (gastr/o)

25

-clasis, -clasia

breaking

Ex. karyoclasis
Breaking of nucleus (kary)

26

-itis

inflammation

Ex. cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder (cyst/o)\

27

-megaly

enlargement

Ex. hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver (hepat/o)

28

-odynia

pain

Ex. urodynia
pain on urination (ur/o)

29

-oma

tumor

Ex. Lipoma
tumor of a fat cell

30

-pathy

any disease of

Ex. nephropathy
any disease of the kidney (nephr/o)

31

-rhage, -rhagia

bursting forth, profuse flow

Ex. hemorrhage
profuse flow of blood
+
-rhea +
flow, discharge

Ex. pyorrhea
discharge of pus

32

-rhexis

rupture

Ex. amniorrhexis
rupture of the amniotic sac (bag of water)

33

-schisis

fissure, splitting

Ex. retinoschisis
splitting of the retina of the eye

34

-dilation, -dilatation

expansion, widening

Ex. vasodilation
widening of blood vessels (vas/o)

35

-ectasia, -ectasis

dilation, dilatation, distension

Ex. gastrectasia
dilatation of the stomach (gastr/o)

36

- edema

accumulation of fluid, swelling

Ex. cephaledema
swelling of the head

37

-lysis

separation, loosening, dissolving, destruction

Ex. dialysis
separation of substances by passage through (dia-) a membrane

38

-malacia

softening

Ex. craniomalacia
softening of the skull (crani/o)

39

-necrosis

death of tissue

Ex. osteonecrosis
death of bone (oste/o) tissue

40

-ptosis

dropping downward, displacement, prolapse

Ex. blepharoptosis
dropping or drooping of the eyelid (blephar/o)

41

-sclerosis

hardening

Ex. phlebosclerosis
hardening of veins (phleb/o)

42

-spasm

sudden contraction, cramp

Ex. arteriospasm
spasm of an artery

43

-stasis

suppression, stoppage

Ex. menostasis
suppression of menstrual (men/o) flow

44

-stenosis

narrowing, constriction

Ex. bronchostenosis
narrowing of a bronchus

45

-toxin

poison

Ex. nephrotoxin
substance poisonous of harmful for the kidneys