Axial skeleton

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created 9 years ago by Koconnor41
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1

What kind of bones make up the vertebral column?

Irregular bones.

2

What kind of spinal curve are you born with?

What is a secondary curve?

Thoracic and sacral curve. In the form of a C

Secondary curves form later, in the cervical and lumbar region from holding up head & walking. These are "normal"

3

Lordosis spinal curve

Kyphosis spinal curve

Scoliosis

Lordosis- curve in lumbar region "swayback"

Kyphosis- curve in thoracic region "hunchback"

Scoliosis - abnormal lateral curve

4

Vertebrosternal?
Vertbrochondral?
Vertebral?

True ribs(7) attach to sternum
False ribs(3) attach to cartilage of 7 th rib
False ribs(2) no attachment to sternum
24 total ribs. 12 PAIRS of ribs

5

What differentiates cranial bones?

How many?

Cranial bones come into contact with the brain

8

6

What is the keystone of the cranium?

Sphenoid bone

7

Para nasal sinuses, where found, function?

Air filled chambers with a mucous membrane
Frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxillae,
Lightens head, gives "fullness" to voice

8

What happens when you have a bulging disc?

The NUCLEUS PULPUSES(inner gel like layer of intervetebral disc) herniates(bulges) thru ANNULUS FIBROSUS(outer ring of collagen fibers) and usually compresses adjacent nerves

9

Sternoclavicular joint?

Only boney attachment to the axial skeleton of upper extremities

10

The patellar is a ...

Sesamoid bone