What kind of bones make up the vertebral column?
What kind of spinal curve are you born with?
What is a secondary curve?
Thoracic and sacral curve. In the form of a C
Secondary curves form later, in the cervical and lumbar region from holding up head & walking. These are "normal"
Lordosis spinal curve
Kyphosis spinal curve
Lordosis- curve in lumbar region "swayback"
Kyphosis- curve in thoracic region "hunchback"
Scoliosis - abnormal lateral curve
True ribs(7) attach to sternum
False ribs(3) attach to cartilage of 7 th rib
False ribs(2) no attachment to sternum
24 total ribs. 12 PAIRS of ribs
What differentiates cranial bones?
Cranial bones come into contact with the brain
What is the keystone of the cranium?
Para nasal sinuses, where found, function?
Air filled chambers with a mucous membrane
Frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxillae,
Lightens head, gives "fullness" to voice
What happens when you have a bulging disc?
The NUCLEUS PULPUSES(inner gel like layer of intervetebral disc) herniates(bulges) thru ANNULUS FIBROSUS(outer ring of collagen fibers) and usually compresses adjacent nerves
Only boney attachment to the axial skeleton of upper extremities
The patellar is a ...