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1

BSA

Body-surface area

2

DLE

Discoid lupus erythematosus

3

FTSG

Full-thickness skin graft

4

LE

Lupus erythematosus

5

PSS

Progressive systemic sclerosis

6

PUVA

Psoralen ultraviolet A

7

SCLE

Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus

8

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

9

SPF

Sun protection factor

10

STSG

Split-thickness skin graft

11

UV

Ultraviolet

12

UVA

Ultraviolet A

13

UVB

Ultraviolet B

14

VAC

Vacuum-assisted closure

15

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament

16

AE

Above the elbow

17

AK

Above the knee

18

ASF

Anterior spinal fusion

19

BE

Below the elbow

20

BK

Below the knee

21

BMD

Bone mineral density

22

C

Cervical vertebra; numbered C1 to C7

23

Co

Coccyx; coccygeal

24

DEXA

Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (scan)

25

DIP

Distal interphalangeal (joint)

26

DJD

Degenerative joint disease

27

Fx

Fracture

28

HNP

Herniated nucleus pulposus

29

IM

Intramedullary

30

L

Lumbar vertebra; numbered L1 to L5

31

MCP

Metacarpophalangeal (joint)

32

MTP

Metatarsophalangeal (joint)

33

NSAID(s)

Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug(s)

34

OA

Osteoarthritis

35

OI

Osteogenesis imperfecta

36

ORIF

Open reduction internal fixation

37

ortho, ORTH

Orthopedics

38

PCL

Posterior cruciate ligament

39

PIP

Proximal interphalangeal (joint)

40

PSF

Posterior spinal fusion

41

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

42

S

Sacrum; sacral

43

SERM

Selective estrogen receptor modulator

44

T

Thoracic vertebra; numbered T1 to T12

45

THA

Total hip arthroplasty

46

TKA

Total knee arthroplasty

47

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint

48

Tx

Traction

49

Ach

Acetylcholine

50

ALS

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

51

CFS

Chronic fatigue syndrome

52

C(P)K

Creatine (phospho)kinase

53

CTS

Carpal tunnel syndrome

54

EMG

Electromyography, electromyogram

55

FMS

Fibromyalgia syndrome

56

MG

Myasthenia gravis

57

MMT

Manual muscle test(ing)

58

NMJ

Neuromuscular junction

59

OT

Occupational therapy/therapist

60

PT

Physical therapy/therapist

61

RICE

Rest, ice, compression, elevation

62

RLS

Restless legs syndrome

63

ROM

Range of motion

64

RSI

Repetitive strain injury

65

RTC

Rotator cuff

66

SITS

Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis (muscles)

67

ACh

Acetylcholine

68

AD

Alzheimer disease

69

ADHD

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

70

ALS

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

71

ANS

Autonomic nervous system

72

BAEP

Brainstem auditory evoked potentials

73

CBF

Cerebral blood flow

74

CJD

Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease

75

CNS

Central nervous system

76

CP

Cerebral palsy

77

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

78

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

79

CVD

Cerebrovascular disease

80

DSM

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

81

DTR

Deep tendon reflexes

82

EEG

Electroencephalogram; electroencephalograph(y)

83

GAD

Generalized anxiety disorder

84

ICP

Intracranial pressure

85

LMN

Lower motor neuron

86

LOC

Level of consciousness

87

LP

Lumbar puncture

88

MAOI

Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

89

MID

Multiinfarct dementia

90

MS

Multiple sclerosis

91

NICU

Neurological intensive care unit; also neonatal intensive care unit

92

NPH

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

93

NREM

Non–rapid eye movement (sleep)

94

OCD

Obsessive–compulsive disorder

95

PDD

Pervasive developmental disorder

96

PET

Positron emission tomography

97

PNS

Peripheral nervous system

98

PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder

99

RAS

Reticular activating system

100

REM

Rapid eye movement (sleep)

101

SSEP

Somatosensory evoked potentials

102

SSRI

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

103

TCA

Tricyclic antidepressant

104

TIA

Transient ischemic attack

105

UMN

Upper motor neuron

106

VEP

Visual evoked potentials

107

A, Acc

Accommodation

108

AMD

Age-related macular degeneration

109

ARC

Abnormal retinal correspondence

110

As, AST

Astigmatism

111

cc

With correction

112

Em

Emmetropia

113

EOM

Extraocular movement, muscles

114

ERG

Electroretinography

115

ET

Esotropia

116

FC

Finger counting

117

HM

Hand movements

118

IOL

Intraocular lens

119

IOP

Intraocular pressure

120

NRC

Normal retinal correspondence

121

NV

Near vision

122

sc

Without correction

123

VA

Visual acuity

124

VF

Visual field

125

XT

Exotropia

126

ABR

Auditory brainstem response

127

AC

Air conduction

128

BAEP

Brainstem auditory evoked potentials

129

BC

Bone conduction

130

dB

Decibel

131

ENG

Electronystagmography

132

ENT

Ear(s), nose, and throat

133

HL

Hearing level

134

Hz

Hertz

135

OL

Otolaryngology

136

OM

Otitis media

137

ORL

Otorhinolaryngology

138

ST

Speech threshold

139

TM

Tympanic membrane

140

TTS

Temporary threshold shift

141

ACE

Angiotensin-converting enzyme

142

AED

Automated external defibrillator

143

AF

Atrial fibrillation

144

AMI

Acute myocardial infarction

145

APC

Atrial premature complex

146

AR

Aortic regurgitation

147

ARB

Angiotensin receptor blocker

148

AS

Aortic stenosis; arteriosclerosis

149

ASCVD

Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease

150

ASD

Atrial septal defect

151

ASHD

Arteriosclerotic heart disease

152

AT

Atrial tachycardia

153

AV

Atrioventricular

154

BBB

Bundle branch block (left or right)

155

BP

Blood pressure

156

bpm

Beats per minute

157

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

158

CAD

Coronary artery disease

159

CCU

Coronary/cardiac care unit

160

CHD

Coronary heart disease

161

CHF

Congestive heart failure

162

CK-MB

Creatine kinase MB

163

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

164

CRP

C-reactive protein

165

CTA

Computed tomography angiography

166

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

167

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

168

CVI

Chronic venous insufficiency

169

CVP

Central venous pressure

170

DOE

Dyspnea on exertion

171

DVT

Deep vein thrombosis

172

ECG (EKG)

Electrocardiogram, electrocardiography

173

HDL

High-density lipoprotein

174

hs-CRP

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (test)

175

HTN

Hypertension

176

IABP

Intraaortic balloon pump

177

ICD

Implantable cardioverter–defibrillator

178

IVCD

Intraventricular conduction delay

179

JVP

Jugular venous pulse

180

LAD

Left anterior descending (coronary artery)

181

LAHB

Left anterior hemiblock

182

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

183

LV

Left ventricle

184

LVAD

Left ventricular assist device

185

LVEDP

Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure

186

LVH

Left ventricular hypertrophy

187

MI

Myocardial infarction

188

mm Hg

Millimeters of mercury

189

MR

Mitral regurgitation, reflux

190

MS

Mitral stenosis

191

MUGA

Multigated acquisition (scan)

192

MVP

Mitral valve prolapse

193

MVR

Mitral valve replacement

194

NSR

Normal sinus rhythm

195

P

Pulse

196

PAC

Premature atrial contraction

197

PAP

Pulmonary arterial pressure

198

PCI

Percutaneous coronary intervention

199

PCWP

Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

200

PMI

Point of maximal impulse

201

PSVT

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia

202

PTCA

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

203

PVC

Premature ventricular contraction

204

PVD

Peripheral vascular disease

205

PYP

Pyrophosphate (scan)

206

S1

First heart sound

207

S2

Second heart sound

208

SA

Sinoatrial

209

SBE

Subacute bacterial endocarditis

210

SK

Streptokinase

211

SVT

Supraventricular tachycardia

212

99mTc

Technetium-99m

213

TEE

Transesophageal echocardiography

214

Tn

Troponin

215

tPA

Tissue plasminogen activator

216

VAD

Ventricular assist device

217

VF, v fib

Ventricular fibrillation

218

VLDL

Very-low-density lipoprotein

219

VPC

Ventricular premature complex

220

VSD

Ventricular septal defect

221

VT

Ventricular tachycardia

222

VTE

Venous thromboembolism

223

WPW

Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome

224

Ab

Antibody

225

Ag

Antigen

226

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

227

ALL

Acute lymphoblastic (lymphocytic) leukemia

228

AML

Acute myeloblastic (myelogenous) leukemia

229

APTT

Activated partial thromboplastin time

230

BT

Bleeding time

231

CBC

Complete blood count

232

CGL

Chronic granulocytic leukemia

233

CLL

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

234

CML

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

235

crit

Hematocrit

236

DIC

Disseminated intravascular coagulation

237

diff

Differential count

238

EBV

Epstein–Barr virus

239

ELISA

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

240

EPO, EP

Erythropoietin

241

ESR

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

242

FFP

Fresh frozen plasma

243

Hb, Hgb

Hemoglobin

244

Hct, Ht

Hematocrit

245

HDN

Hemolytic disease of the newborn

246

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

247

IF

Intrinsic factor

248

Ig

Immunoglobulin

249

ITP

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

250

lytes

Electrolytes

251

MCH

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

252

MCHC

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

253

mcL

Microliter

254

MCV

Mean corpuscular volume

255

MDS

Myelodysplastic syndrome

256

mEq

Milliequivalent

257

NHL

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

258

PCV

Packed cell volume

259

pH

Scale for measuring hydrogen ion concentration (acidity or alkalinity)

260

Ph

Philadelphia chromosome

261

PMN

Polymorphonuclear (neutrophil)

262

poly

Neutrophil

263

polymorph

Neutrophil

264

PT

Pro time; prothrombin time

265

PTT

Partial thromboplastin time

266

RBC

Red blood cell; red blood cell count

267

seg

Neutrophil

268

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

269

T(C)T

Thrombin (clotting) time

270

TTP

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

271

vWF

von Willebrand factor

272

WBC

White blood cell; white blood (cell) count

273

ABG(s)

Arterial blood gas(es)

274

AFB

Acid-fast bacillus (usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis)

275

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome; shock lung

276

ARF

Acute respiratory failure

277

BCG

Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (tuberculosis vaccine)

278

BS

Breath sounds

279

C

Compliance

280

CF

Cystic fibrosis

281

CO2

Carbon dioxide

282

COLD

Chronic obstructive lung disease

283

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

284

CPAP

Continuous positive airway pressure

285

CXR

Chest radiograph, chest x-ray

286

DTaP

Diphtheris, tetanus, acellular pertussis (vaccine)

287

ERV

Expiratory reserve volume

288

FEV

Forced expiratory volume

289

FRC

Functional residual capacity

290

FVC

Forced vital capacity

291

HPS

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

292

IC

Inspiratory capacity

293

IGRA

Interferon-gamma release assay (test for TB)

294

INH

Isoniazid

295

IPPB

Intermittent positive pressure breathing

296

IPPV

Intermittent positive pressure ventilation

297

IRV

Inspiratory reserve volume

298

LLL

Left lower lobe (of lung)

299

LUL

Left upper lobe (of lung)

300

MEFR

Maximal expiratory flow rate

301

MMFR

Maximum mid-expiratory flow rate

302

NAA

Nucleic acid amplification (test for TB)

303

O2

Oxygen

304

PaCO2

Arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide

305

PaO2

Arterial partial pressure of oxygen

306

PCP

Pneumocystis pneumonia

307

PEEP

Positive end-expiratory pressure

308

PEFR

Peak expiratory flow rate

309

PFT

Pulmonary function test(s)

310

PIP

Peak inspiratory pressure

311

PND

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

312

PPD

Purified protein derivative (tuberculin)

313

R

Respiration

314

RDS

Respiratory distress syndrome

315

RLL

Right lower lobe (of lung)

316

RML

Right middle lobe (of lung)

317

RSV

Respiratory syncytial virus

318

RUL

Right upper lobe (of lung)

319

RV

Residual volume

320

SARS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome

321

SIDS

Sudden infant death syndrome

322

SpO2

Oxygen percent saturation

323

T & A

Tonsils and adenoids; tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

324

TB

Tuberculosis

325

TGV

Thoracic gas volume

326

BE

Barium enema (for radiographic study of the colon)

327

BM

Bowel movement

328

CBD

Common bile duct

329

EGD

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

330

ERCP

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

331

FAP

Familial adenomatous polyposis

332

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

333

GI

Gastrointestinal

334

HAV

Hepatitis A virus

335

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

336

HCV

Hepatitis C virus

337

HDV

Hepatitis D virus

338

HEV

Hepatitis E virus

339

HCl

Hydrochloric acid

340

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

341

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome

342

LES

Lower esophageal sphincter

343

NG

Nasogastric (tube)

344

N & V

Nausea and vomiting

345

N/V/D

Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

346

PONV

Postoperative nausea and vomiting

347

PPI

Proton pump inhibitor

348

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition

349

UGI

Upper gastrointestinal (radiograph series)

350

A1c

Glycated hemoglobin (test)

351

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

352

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

353

BS

Blood sugar

354

CSII

Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion

355

DM

Diabetes mellitus

356

FBG

Fasting blood glucose

357

FBS

Fasting blood sugar

358

FPG

Fasting plasma glucose

359

FSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone

360

FTI

Free thyroxine index

361

GDM

Gestational diabetes mellitus

362

GH

Growth hormone

363

HbA1c

Hemoglobin A1c; glycated hemoglobin

364

131I

Iodine-131 (radioactive iodine)

365

IFG

Impaired fasting blood glucose

366

IGT

Impaired glucose tolerance

367

LH

Luteinizing hormone

368

MEN

Multiple endocrine neoplasia

369

NPH

Neutral protamine Hagedorn (insulin)

370

OGTT

Oral glucose tolerance test

371

PRL

Prolactin

372

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

373

RAIU

Radioactive iodine uptake

374

RIA

Radioimmunoassay

375

SIADH

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (secretion)

376

T1DM

Type 1 diabetes mellitus

377

T2DM

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

378

T3

Triiodothyronine

379

T4

Thyroxine; tetraiodothyronine

380

T7

Free thyroxine index

381

TBG

Thyroxine-binding globulin

382

TSH

Thyroid-stimulating hormone

383

ACE

Angiotensin-converting enzyme

384

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

385

ARF

Acute renal failure

386

ATN

Acute tubular necrosis

387

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

388

CAPD

Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

389

CCPD

Continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis

390

CMG

Cystometrography; cystometrogram

391

CRF

Chronic renal failure

392

EPO

Erythropoietin

393

ESRD

End-stage renal disease

394

ESWL

Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

395

GFR

Glomerular filtration rate

396

GU

Genitourinary

397

IVP

Intravenous pyelography

398

IVU

Intravenous urography

399

K

Potassium

400

KUB

Kidney–ureter–bladder (radiography)

401

Na

Sodium

402

PEP

Protein electrophoresis

403

SG

Specific gravity

404

Tm

Maximal transport capacity

405

UA

Urinalysis

406

UTI

Urinary tract infection

407

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

408

BNO

Bladder neck obstruction

409

BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)

410

DRE

Digital rectal examination

411

ED

Erectile dysfunction

412

FSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone

413

GC

Gonococcus

414

GU

Genitourinary

415

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

416

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

417

HSV

Herpes simplex virus

418

LH

Luteinizing hormone

419

NGU

Nongonococcal urethritis

420

PSA

Prostate-specific antigen

421

STD

Sexually transmitted disease

422

STI

Sexually transmitted infection

423

TPUR

Transperineal urethral resection

424

TSE

Testicular self-examination

425

TUIP

Transurethral incision of prostate

426

TURP

Transurethral resection of prostate

427

UG

Urogenital

428

UTI

Urinary tract infection

429

VD

Venereal disease (sexually transmitted infection)

430

VDRL

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (test for syphilis)

431

AI

Aromatase inhibitor

432

BRCA1

Breast cancer gene 1

433

BRCA2

Breast cancer gene 2

434

BSE

Breast self-examination

435

BSO

Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

436

BV

Bacterial vaginosis

437

CIN

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

438

D&C

Dilation and curettage

439

DCIS

Ductal carcinoma in situ

440

DES

Diethylstilbestrol

441

DUB

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

442

FSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone

443

GC

Gonococcus (cause of gonorrhea)

444

GYN

Gynecology

445

HPV

Human papillomavirus

446

HRT

Hormone replacement therapy

447

IUD

Intrauterine device

448

LH

Luteinizing hormone

449

NGU

Nongonococcal urethritis

450

PCOS

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

451

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

452

PMS

Premenstrual syndrome

453

SERM

Selective estrogen receptor modulator

454

STD

Sexually transmitted disease

455

STI

Sexually transmitted infection

456

TAH

Total abdominal hysterectomy

457

TSS

Toxic shock syndrome

458

UFE

Uterine fibroid embolization

459

VD

Venereal disease (sexually transmitted disease)

460

AB

Abortion

461

AFP

Alpha-fetoprotein

462

AGA

Appropriate for gestational age

463

AI

Artificial insemination

464

ART

Assisted reproductive technology

465

C

section - Cesarean section

466

CPD

Cephalopelvic disproportion

467

CVS

Chorionic villus sampling

468

D&E

Dilatation and evacuation

469

ECMO

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

470

EDC

Estimated date of confinement

471

FHR

Fetal heart rate

472

FHT

Fetal heart tone

473

FTND

Full-term normal delivery

474

FTP

Full-term pregnancy

475

GA

Gestational age

476

GIFT

Gamete intrafallopian transfer

477

hCG

Human chorionic gonadotropin

478

HDN

Hemolytic disease of the newborn

479

IVF

In vitro fertilization

480

LMP

Last menstrual period

481

NB

Newborn

482

NICU

Neonatal intensive care unit

483

OB

Obstetrics, obstetrician

484

PDA

Patent ductus arteriosus

485

PIH

Pregnancy-induced hypertension

486

PKU

Phenylketonuria

487

SVD

Spontaneous vaginal delivery

488

UC

Uterine contractions

489

UTP

Uterine term pregnancy

490

VBAC

Vaginal birth after cesarean section

491

ZIFT

Zygote intrafallopian transfer