The Cell, Chemistry of Life, CR and PS

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1

In an organism, 96 percent is, 4 percent is, trace element is

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surface tension is due to

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capillary action is due to

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exception to def. of inorganic compound is

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condensation is synonymous to

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glucose+fructose=

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glucose+galactose=

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glucose+glucose=

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def of polymer

repeating units of a single monomer.

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4 types of polysaccharide are

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made of polymer a glucose

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energy storage in plant

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energy storage in animal

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made of b glucose

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def of plastids is

(structure in which glucose is stockpiled for starch)

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digesting cellulose is problematic because

(bonds joining are different)

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def of amphipathic

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example of steroirds

(cholestrol, hormones likes estrogen, testosterone)

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def of side chain

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in which structure does protein achieve 3 dimensionality

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hydrophobic effect

(when R groups move toward the center away from water)

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disulfide bonds

(when sulfur in cysteine bonds to another sulfur in cysteine)

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cofactors def

nonprotein molecules.

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holoenzyme

union of cofactor and enzyme

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difference between DNA and RNA moelcule

(two OH in RNA)

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heterotroph hypothesis

(earliest life form were heterotroph

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double ring nucleotide

(A,G)

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single ring nucleotide

(C,T)

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difference between light, electron microscopes

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nuclear envelope is made of

(phospholipid bilayers)

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order of chromosome formation

(chromatin--> histone coiled to nucleosome bundle--> condensed to chromosome)

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how does nucleus participate in mitosis

site for separation of chromosome)

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two subunits and total ribosome

60 and 40S, become 80S.

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when protein made in rough ER,

(glycoproteins are made attaching polysaccahardie groups.)

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smooth ER in liver cells

(dextoxify)

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vesicles come from

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lysosomes are

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name each in increasing diameter:

microtubules, intermediate filaments, microfilaments

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microtubles are found in the

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spindle aparatus is same as

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microtubles made of

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microfilaments made of

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difference between microtubules and microfilaments

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difference between flagella, cillia

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MTOC

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centrioles are enclosed in

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both centtrioles and basal bodies are

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extracellular matrix

area between two adjacent cells that help bind them together (collagen)

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e.matrix occupied by

structural, adhesion proteins and polysaccharides

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two purpose of cell junctions

anchor cells , cellular exchange passageway

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difference prokaryotic vs eukaryotic ribosomes

prokaryotes' are smaller

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difference prokaryotic vs eukaryotic flagella

prokaryotes/ are not made from microtubules

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bulk flow

collective movement by strong pressure or force

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def of dialysis

diffusino of solutes acrosss selectively permeable membrane

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when water flows in by osmosis

hydrostaic pressure=turgor pressure (in plants) build up inside.