the formation of ATP (or GDP to GTP)by transferring a phosphate group from an high-energy metabolic intermediate.
the formation of ATP by transfer of electrons from reduced coenzymes to molecular oxygen via the electron transport chain; it occurs in the mitochondria.
Where is FADH2 made?
Kreb cycle only. 2 total.
Kreb Cycle makes ATP by
still substrate level phospho.
involves the mitochondria
why is pyruvate moved to mitochondria
active trasnport using 2 ATP, 1 for each pyruvate
inner membrane versus intermembrane space
inner membrane is cristae, the phospholipid bilayer. intermembrane space is the space between outer membrane and cristae where H+ gradient is made.
products of pyruvate decarboxylation
2 CO2, 2acetyle CoA, 2 NADH
first CO2 is released where?
what enters Kreb Cycle
acetyl-CoA+ X =Y
X= oxalocaetate 4 carbon
Y= citric acid 6 carbon molecule
what allows reduction of NAD+ and FAD to NADH and FADH2?
reaarangement of intermediates in the Kreb cycle
what happened to glucose at the end of the kreb cycle
fully oxidized into CO2
how many grand total ATP made during cellular respiration of glucose
2 problems of no O2
no ETC, NADH can't be oxidized to NAD+ and reused for glycolysis
does fermentation produce ATP
No. remember fermentation and those are ways of recycling NADH, not a means of producing ATP