Chapter 25:1--Nixon's Domestic Policy

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1

Nixon's characteristics

-was reserved and remote, seemed stiff and lacking in humor, uncomfortable with people
-had experience though and Americans respected him for that
-was strong in getting his way and was prepared to battle his opponents

2

Nixon's advisers

-relied more on white house staff than cabinet
-closest advisers were HR Haldeman and John Enrichlman, were considered to be his 'Berlin Wall' cause they protected his privacy
-John Mitchell, had great influence with Nixon
-Henry Kissinger: acquired great power under Nixon, played major role in shaping foreign policy

3

Nixon and inflation

-first priority to halt it, but avoid imposing gov controls on wages and prices
-considered deficit spending, spending more $ than the gov receives so as to stimulate economy
-finally imposed 90 day freeze on wages prices and rent and general price freeze later, after he lifted controls inflation soared again

4

oil crisis

-prices were to be kept low so output of oil not raised
-production decline and Americans depended on cheap imported
-war in Middle East, US backed Israel, Arba Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) made embargo on oil to US, also raised oil prices
-this worsened inflation, led to a recession

5

New Federalism

-Nixon's new partnership between the fed gov and the state gov, states would have greater responsibility for well-being of own citizens
-Congress passed bills to grant fed funds to state and local gov for use in this

6

Nixon's southern strategy

-didn't want to lose southern white votes so proposed a compromise between full integration and full segregation: a slower process of integration
-had adviser Strom Thurmond to help with this
-wanted to cut funding for enforcement of fair housing laws, made easier to meet desegregation requirement
-Thurmond headed Justice Department to try to prevent extensions of Voting Rights Act of 1965
-but Supreme Court issued guidelines for school busing against Nixon's views, ruled that voluntary integration not working, said busing 1 possible way to end school segregation
-Nixon asked Congress to stop bus integration on TV

7

Nixon's view on the Supreme Court

-criticized for being too liberal and easy on criminals, named new conservative Justices

8

Apollo Landing

-The Eagle landed on the moon to fulfill Kennedy's goal
-went on a moon walk and collected rock and soil samples and did experiments
-photographed landing sight
-stayed there for almost 1 day
-returned to a hero's welcome