catherine history exam

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created 8 years ago by AbigailVA
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6th grade
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1

citadel

fortified area

2

strategy

a long-term plan for achieving a goal

3

province

territory that is under the control of a larger country

4

bureaucracy

system of many government officials who carry out government rules and regulations

5

subject

person under the rule of a monarch

6

Mandate of Heaven

in ancient China, the right to rule given by a dynasty by heaven, the highest force of nature

7

standardize

to set rules to make things more similar

8

censor

to band offensive ideas, or remove material from public work or prevent its publication

9

civil service

the people who work for a government

10

monopoly

single person or group who controls the production of a god or service

11

citizen

legal member of a city or city-state

12

acropolis

"high city" in Greek; the upper pat of an ancient Greek city, where public buildings and the city's defenses were located

13

proverb

wise saying

14

aristocracy

hereditary class of rulers, Greek for " rule by the best people"

15

oligarchy

government in which a small group of people rule

16

tyranny

unjust use o power, or in ancient Greece a government run by a strong ruler

17

democracy

form of government in which citizens hold political power

18

direct democracy

government in which citizens take part directly in the day-to-day affairs of government

19

representative democracy

democracy in which people elect representatives to make the nations law

20

ephor

man responsible for the day-to-day operation of the government in Sparta

21

military state

society organized for the purpose of waging war

22

helot

Messenian person forced to work as a lowly farmer from Sparta

23

forum

open area in Roman city filled with public buildings, temples, and markets

24

republic

form of government in which to vote and elect officials

25

veto

stop or cancel the action of a government official or body

26

consul

one of two top officials and military leaders in the Roman republic

27

empire

state containing several countries or territories

28

province

territory that is under the control of a larger country