Art & Culture Final Study Guide - Collins

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1

The Stone Breakers

-Created by Gustave Courbet in 1849-50
-Work of social realism, depicting 2 peasants breaking rocks (old and young man)
-Significance: plight of the poor is evident; both men are out of the age group to do the job

2

Burial at Ornans

-Created by Gustave Courbet in 1849-50
-Turning point of french art; treats ordinary funeral with unflattering realism
-Drew much praise and denunciation from critics and the public

3

Luncheon on the Grass

-Created by Edouard Manet in 1863
-Controversial due to illustration of rampant prostitution in France at the time
-Prostitution was taboo; gesture of man is taboo

4

Olympia

-Created by Edouard Manet in 1863
-Significance from controversial gaze and prostitution
-Prostitute details: orchid, bracelet, earrings, oriental shawl underneath her
-Shawl represents wealth and sensuality

5

Eiffel Tower

-Iron lattice tower named after Gustave Eiffel between 1887-89
-Originated as a suitable centerpiece for 1889 Exposition Universelle to commemorate French Revolution

6

Sunrise

-Created by Claude Monet in 1872
-Gave rise to the impressionist movement
-Loose brushstrokes instead of delineating the landscape

7

Le Moulin de la Galette

-Created by Pierre-Auguste Renoir in 1876
-One of impressionism's most celebrated pieces (richness in form, flickering light, fluidity of brush strokes)
-Depicts a typical Sunday afternoon at Moulin de la Galette in Paris

8

Bar at the Folies-Bergere

-Last major work created by Edouard Manet (was in 1882)
-Depicts a scene in a Paris nightclub; significance of perspective
-Realism; detailed representation of a contemporary scene; optical trick

9

Sunday Afternoon…

-Created by Georges Seurat between 1884-86
-Pointillism: using small, distinct dots of pure color to form an image and give more brilliant colors
-Concentration on color, light, and form

10

Night Café

-Created by Vincent Van Gogh in 1888
-Depiction of cafe of prostitutes and local down-and-outs
-Vivid colors; wild contrast among them; expressionism/impressionism realm

11

Starry Night

-Created by Vincent Van Gogh in 1889
-Depicts view outside Saint-Remy-de-Provence
-Van Gogh wasn't happy with the painting; critical of his exaggerations in arrangement

12

The Scream

-Created by Edvard Munch in 1893
-Depiction of agonized expression against tumultuous orange sky
-Inspiration from nature; sunset combined with passing scream through nature

13

Casa Mila

-Designed and built by Antoni Gaudi between 1906-1912
-Controversial design; bold stone facade; iron balconies and windows
-Innovative for steel structure, curtain walls, self-supporting facade

14

Nude Descending a Staircase

-Created by Marcel DuChamp in 1912
-Modernist classic, rejected by cubists
-Depicts figure demonstrating abstract movements; abstract elements as body parts

15

Fountain

-Work by Marcel DuChamp in 1917
-Reorientation of urinal and Involvement with Dada (anti-rational, anti-art movement)
-Interpretation: gently flowing curves, veiled head of classic renaissance madonna, etc.

16

Red Room

-Created by Henri Matisse in 1908
-Impressionism with lack of central focal point
-Considered to be a masterpiece of the era

17

Improvisation No. 28

-Created by Vasily Kandinsky in 1912
-No literal allusion to nature, but maintains democratic quality
-Signaling of global deluge

18

Les Demoiselles

-Created by Pablo Picasso in 1907
-Portrayal of 5 prostitutes; controversial; departure from traditional art
-Adaptation of primitivism and abandonment of perspective

19

Homage to Bleriot

-Created by Robert Delaunay in 1914
-Of the orphism realm: offshoot of cubism with bright colors
-Combination of clot lyricism and representational motifs

20

Three Women

-Cubist painting created by Fernand Leger in 1921
-Smooth forms, machine-like solidity, and technological aspect
-Inspiration that technological advances would cure chaos

21

Unique Forms…

-Bronze, futurist sculpture created by Umberto Boccioni in 1913
-Expression of movement and fluidity; portrays speed and dynamism
-Depiction of synthetic community of motion

22

Performing…

-Created by German artist, Hugo Ball
-Of the dada realm: anti-rational, anti-art works

23

Collage Arranged…

-Created by Jean Arp in 1916-17
-Of the dada realm: anti-rational, anti-art works
-Embracement of the notion of chance

24

Guernica

-Pablo Picasso painting representing tragedy/suffering of war on individuals
-Political statement: reaction to Nazi bombing of Guernica during Spanish Civil War
-Discard of color emphasizes drama

25

The Persistence of Memory

-Painting created by Salvador Dali in 1931
-Surrealist image, epitomizing Dali's theories of softness/hardness
-Incorporating an understanding of the world
-Ants on bottom left clock as symbol of death

26

The Birth of Liquid Desires

-Salvador Dali
-Surrealist, oil painting collage

27

Fur-lined Tea Cup or Object

-Created by Meret Oppenheim to embody surrealism
-Suggests the taste of inaccessibility

28

Painting

-Created by Joan Miro
-Surrealist artist
-Recreation of the childlike, while keeping a sandbox for the subconscious mind

29

Composition A

-Neoplasticism (De Stijl) piece created by Piet Mondrian
-Embodies artistic philosophy of the new plastic art
-Idea of harmony and order through spirit

30

Bird in Space

-Created by Romanian sculptor, Constantin Brancusi, in 1923
-Concentration on bird's movement rather than physical attributes
-Physical features are eliminated or reduced

31

Reclining Figure

-Created by Henry Moore in 1936
-Invent new ides through form and function
-Semi-abstract, human figure

32

Schroder House

-Built in 1924 by Gerrit Rietveld in the Netherlands
-Vision of a house that was free from association and could connect the inside/outside
-One of the best examples of De Stijl Architecture

33

Bauhaus

-School founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar
-Founded on principle of creating a total work of art (bring all art together)
-One of the most influential currents in modernist architecture

34

Villa Savoye

-Modernist villa created by Le Corbusier using reinforced concrete
-Representative of modern architecture
-Emblematic "five points" or basic elements of architecture

35

Frederick C. Robie House

-Created by Frank Lloyd Wright
-Greatest example of the Prairie School style (first unique American style)
-Architecture: horizontal planes, expressive piers/windows = new design

36

Falling Water

-Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935
-Built over waterfall of Bear Run in Pennsylvania
-Known for dynamism and integration with nature

37

Autumn Rhythm (Number 30)

-Created by Jackson Pollock
-Abstract image with lack of illusionist devices
-No attempt to create illusion of form

38

Just What is it…

-Collage created by Richard Hamilton in 1956
-First major pop art work
-Most images in the collage came from American magazines

39

Marilyn Monroe

-Andy Warhol painting
-Analysis on condition of society and obsession with fame
-Depicts iconic status, admiration, and lonesomeness of life

40

The Dinner Party

-Created between 1974-79 by Judy Chicago
-Depicts place settings for 39 mythical/historical famous women
-Critical response: vulgar/insistent, emotionally powerful, advertised campaign

41

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

-Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1937
-Cylindrical museum building renowned for large collection of impressionist, early modern, and contemporary art

42

Sydney Opera House

-Created by Jorn Utzon between 1959-73
-Located in Australia, originated from a design competition in favor of theatre
-Architecture: podium, roof, and interior

43

Seagram Building

-Located in NYC, New York; Created by Ludwig Van der Rohe/Philip Johnson 
-Designed to be articulated externally; huge influence on American architecture
-38 stories; steel moment frame; steel/reinforced concrete

44

Pompidou Center

-Created by Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano between 1972-76 in Paris
-Large structural expressionist metal cast
-Modern art in an urban setting

45

The Tjiabao Cultural Center

-Designed by Renzo Piano, named after Jean Marie Tjiabao (leader of independence movement who was killed)
-Located in New Caledonia
-Tjiabao's vision: establish cultural center, blending linguistic/artistic heritage of Kanak people

46

Guggenheim Museum

-Designed by Frank Gehry and located in Spain
-Contemporary architecture; represents moment in which critics, academics, public were all united in thought
-Opened in 1997 as part of revitalization effort for Bilbao

47

Spiral Jetty

-Earthwork sculpture created by Robert Smithson
-Built near shore of Great Salt Lake in Utah
-Made of mud, salt crystals, basalt rocks, and water in spiral form

48

High Museum

-Built in 1983 by Richard Meier
-Funded by Coca Cola's President
-Designed for beauty rather than brains

49

Pink Panther

-Neo-pop art sculpture by Jeff Koons
-Part of banality series
-Jayne Mansfield holding the Pink Panther
-Themes of materiality, artificiality, eroticism, an naivety

50

Cremaster Cycle

-Art project by Matthew Barney consisting of 5 films
-Focus on the male Cremaster muscle
-Muscle raises/lowers testes in response to temperature
-Collection of photos, drawings, sculptures

51

Tenerife Performance Center

-Designed by Santiago Calatrava in 97', finished in 03'
-Architectural symbol of the Canary Islands
-Deemed most emblematic building of Spanish architecture