human anatomy chapter 5 part 5

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1

Which of the following is NOT a function of bone tissue?

production of hormones

2

A young couple is expecting their first child whose delivery date is in approximately 13 weeks. During their ultrasound appointment, the obstetrician notes that the skeletal approximations/measurements of their baby are disproportionate. Their developing baby appears to have a disproportionately large head, a normal-sized torso, and short, stocky limbs. The father appears to be of normal height, but the expectant mother is slightly shorter at 4 feet 11 inches. Based on these observations, which congenital disorder of the skeleton is the likely condition of the developing fetus?

Achondroplasia

3

Which of the following do you think would NOT play a role in growing and maintaining healthy bones?

adrenaline

4

A postmenopausal female was diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. Her condition worsened as complications surfaced, one of which is the development of osteoporosis. What factor(s) would likely instigate this secondary effect of breast cancer in this case?

Release of osteoclast-activating factor

5

Elsie is 75 years old and has been diagnosed with osteoporosis. Which of the following things could she do to help improve or maintain her bone strength?

1. She should take medications that slow the reabsorption of bone matrix.
2. She should do regular weight-bearing exercises.
3. She should be sure to consume enough calcium in her diet.

6

If Heather breaks her leg and wears a cast for two months, what changes will you expect to observe in her leg when the cast is removed?

The healed bone will have lost bone mass because it will not have been stressed.

7

A foramen is a _____.

hole or opening

8

Which bone has a trochanter?

femur

9

A sharp or pointed process is a _____.

spine

10

Which of the following is correctly matched?

trochlea – a grooved process that is shaped like a pulley

11

Jenna was ice-skating at the local ice rink. She fell and landed on her buttocks hard enough that she broke her sacrum. What type of fracture did she sustain?

Compression fracture