Biology II Final Exam Study guide

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created 8 years ago by CHANTELXD
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12th grade
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biology ii
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1

What are the six levels of organization?

atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs and organ systems

2

What are the two main body cavities and the major cavities within each?

Dorsal Body Cavity- Cranial cavity and spinal cavity

Ventral Body Cavity-superior thoracic cavity and inferior abdominopelvic cavity

3

Define anatomy

the study of the internal workings of a body, to include both organs and structures.

4

Define physiology

the functions of an organism

5

Describe the major functions and organs in each organ system

...

6

Moves the limbs; allows facial expression
skeletal muscles, associated tendons

Muscular

7

Removes nitrogen-containing wastes
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

Urinary

8

Is affected by thyroid gland removal
Controls the body with hormones
pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands

Endocrine

9

Provides support for muscular system
bones, cartilages, associated ligaments, bone marrow

Skeletal

10

Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the body tissues
heart, blood, blood vessels

Cardiovascular

11

Breaks down food into small particles
teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas

Digestive

12

Protects organs from drying out
Protects deeper tissues from injury
skin, hair, sweat glands, nails

integumentary

13

Protects the body, destroys bacteria
spleen, thymus, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, tonsils

Lymphatic

14

Produces offspring
female-ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, labia, clitoris, mammary glands

male-testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum

Reproductive

15

Removes carbon dioxide from blood
Keeps blood supplies with oxygen
nasal cavities, sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli

Respiratory

16

What are the differences between the types of neurons?

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17

or afferent neurons, form the afferent division of the PNS. They deliver information from sensory receptors to the CNS. The cell bodies of sensory neurons are located in peripheral sensory ganglia.

Sensory neurons,

18

or efferent neurons, form the efferent division of the PNS. These neurons carry instructions from the CNS to peripheral effectors in a peripheral tissue, organ, or organ system.

Motor neurons,

19

or association neurons, outnumber all other types of neurons combined. These neurons are located entirely within the brain and spinal cord.

interneurons,

20

what is the path of the digestive process?

...