human anatomy chapter 8 part 2

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1

Representative Articulations
2. Intervertebral articulations

1. supraspinous ligament
2. interspinious ligament
3. anterior longitudinal ligament
4. posterior longitudainal ligament
5. intervertebral disc

2

1. supraspinous ligament
2. interspinous ligament
3. anterior longitudinal ligament
4. posterior longitudinal
5. intervertebral disk

1. Connects the tips of the spinous processes together
2. Connects the right and left sides of the spinous processes together
3. Connects all the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies
4. Connects all the posterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies
5. Pad of cartilage between the vertebral bodies

3
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1. intervertebral disc
2. posterior longitudinal ligament
3. interspinous ligament
4. supraspinous ligament
5. anterior longitudinal ligament

4

representative Articulations
3. Sternoclavicular joint

1. anterior ternoclavicular ligament
2. interclavicular ligament

5

1. anterior ternoclavicular ligament
2. interclavicular ligament

1. Connects clavicle to the manubrium
2. Interconnects the clavicles

6
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1. anterior ternoclavicular ligament
2. interclavicular ligament

7

representative Articulations
4. the shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint)

1. glenohumeral ligament
2. coracohumeral ligament
3. coracoclavicular ligament
4. coracoacromial ligament
5. acromioclavicular ligament
6. subdeltoid bursa

8

1. glenohumeral ligament
2. coracohumeral ligament
3. coracoclavicular ligament
4. coracoacromial ligament
5. acromioclavicular ligament
6. subdeltoid bursa

1. Connects humerus to the glenoid cavity
2. Connects head of humerus to the coracoid process
3. Connects the clavicle to the coracoid process
4. Makes a connection between the coracoid process and the acromion
5. Connects the clavicle to the acromion
6. Forms a cushion between the deltoid muscle and the greater trochanter when the arm is abducted

9
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1. glenohumeral ligament
2. coracohumeral ligament
3. coracoclavicular ligament
4. coracoacromial ligament
5. acromioclavicular ligament
6. subdeltoid bursa

10

representative articulations
5. elbow joint

1. radial collateral ligament
2. ulnar collateral ligament
3. annular ligament

11

1. radial collateral ligament
2. ulnar collateral ligament
3. annular ligament

1. Connects the lateral epicondyle of the humerus to the radius
2. Connects the medial epicondyle of the humerus to the ulna
3. Connects the head of the radius to the ulna

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1. radial collateral ligament
2. ulnar collateral ligament
3. annular ligament

13
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1. radial collateral ligament
2. ulnar collateral ligament
3. annular ligament

14

Representative Articulations
6. wrist joint

1. palmar radiocarpal ligament
2. dorsal radiocarpal ligament
3. ulnar collateral ligament
4. radial collateral ligament

15

1. palmar radiocarpal ligament
2. dorsal radiocarpal ligament
3. ulnar collateral ligament
4. radial collateral ligament

1. Connects radius to anterior scaphoid and lunate
2. Connects radius to posterior scaphoid and lunate
3. Connects styloid process of the ulna to the triquetrum
4. Connects the styloid process of the radius to the scaphoid

16

Representative Articulations
7. Hand joint

1. Carpometacarpal joint
2. Intercarpal joint
3. Metacarpophalangeal joint
4. interphalangeal joint

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1. Carpometacarpal joint
2. Intercarpal joint
3. Metacarpophalangeal joint
4. interphalangeal joint

1. Connects the metacarpals to the distal carpals
2. Connects one carpal bone to another
3. Connects one carpal bone to another
4. Joint between the proximal, middle, and distal phalanges

18
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1. palmar radiocarpal ligament
2. dorsal radiocarpal ligament
3. ulnar collateral ligament
4. radial collateral ligament
5. Carpometacarpal joint
6. Intercarpal joint
7. Metacarpophalangeal joint
8. interphalangeal joint

19
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1. palmar radiocarpal ligament
2. dorsal radiocarpal ligament
3. ulnar collateral ligament
4. radial collateral ligament
5. Carpometacarpal joint
6. Intercarpal joint
7. Metacarpophalangeal joint
8. interphalangeal joint

20

Representative Articulations
7. hip joint

1. Iliofemoral ligament
2. Pubofemoral ligament
3. Ischiofemoral ligament
4. Transverse acetabular ligament
5. ligament of t he femoral head

21

3. Ischiofemoral ligament
4. Transverse acetabular ligament
5. ligament of t he femoral head

3. The above ligaments connect the femur to the acetabular rim
4. Connects the femur to the inferior acetabular rim
5. Connects the fovea capitis to the transverse acetabular ligament

22
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1. Iliofemoral ligament
2. Ischiofemoral ligament

23
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1. Pubofemoral ligament
2. Iliofemoral ligament

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1. Iliofemoral ligament
2. ligament of the femoreal head
3. transvrese acetabular ligament

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1. transverse acetabular ligament
2. ligament of the femoral head

26

Representative Articulations
8. knee joint

1. Tibial collateral ligament (medial collateral)
2. Fibular collateral ligament (lateral collateral)
3. Patellar ligament
4. Patellar retinaculum
5. Popliteal ligament
6. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
7. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)

27

1. Tibial collateral ligament
2. Fibular collateral ligament
3. patellar ligament
4. patellar retinaculum

1. Connects the medial epicondyle of the femur to the tibia
2. Connects the lateral epicondyle of the femur to the fibula
3. Connects the tibial tuberosity to the patella, This is an extension of the rectus femoris tendon
4. Connects the medial and lateral edge of the patella to the tibia

28
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1. patellar retinaculae
2. patellar ligament
3. tibial collateral ligament

29

1. popliteal ligament
2. anterior cruciaate ligament (ACL)
3. Posterior Crucuate ligament (PCL)

1. Connects the femur to the head of the tibia and the head of the fibula
2. Connects the tibia to the lateral edge of the intercondylar fossa of the femur
3. Connects the tibia to the medial edge of the intercondylar fossa of the femur

30
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1. popliteal ligament
2. anterior cruciaate ligament (ACL)
3. Posterior Crucuate ligament (PCL)

31

Representative Articulations
9. ankle joints/ligaments

1. tibiotalar joint 5. Calcaneofibular ligament
2. fibulotalor joint 6. Anterior Talofibular
3. Deltoid Ligament 7. Posterior Talofibular
4. Lateral Ligaments

32

1. tibiotalar joint 5. Calcaneofibular ligament
2. fibulotalor joint 6. Anterior Talofibular
3. Deltoid Ligament 7. Posterior Talofibular
4. Lateral Ligaments

1. Joint between the tibia and the talus
2. Joint between the lateral malleolus and the lateral edge of the talus
3. Connects the tibia to the navicular, calcaneus, and the talus on the medial side
4. connects the fibula to the calcaneus
5. connects the fibula to the anterior edge of the talus
6. connects the fibula to the posterior edge of the talus

33
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1. tibiotalar joint
2. deltoid ligament

34
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1. tibiotalar joint 5. Calcaneofibular ligament
2. fibulotalor joint 6. Anterior Talofibular
3. Deltoid Ligament 7. Posterior Talofibular
4. Lateral Ligaments

35

Representative articulations
10. Foot joints

1. intertarsal joint
2. tarsometatarsal joints
3. metatarsophalangeal joint

36

1. intertarsal joint
2. tarsometatarsal joints
3. metatarsophalangeal joint

1. Joint between one tarsal and another tarsal
2. Connects the tibia to the lateral edge of the intercondylar fossa of the femur
3. Connects the metatarsals to the digits

37
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1. intertarsal joint
2. tarsometatarsal joints
3. metatarsophalangeal joint

38

Aging and Articulations
1. Rheumatism
2. Arthritis
3. Damage to the articular cartilage

1. Pain and stiffness affecting the skeletal system, muscular system, or both
2. Includes all rheumatic diseases that affect synovial joints

39

Musculoskeletal system

The skeleton and muscles are structurally and functionally interdependent