Chp 10

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created 11 years ago by mmc223
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1

Philosopher who coined term "theodicy" for explanations of evil and suffering

Leibniz (1710)

2

Tribal Theory

Personal misfortune insignificant in the larger scheme of tribal identity and survival

3

Present World Relief

Compensation for misfortune can be expected at some future time in this life

4

After Life Relief

Compensation for misfortune can be expected in the afterlife

5

Cosmic Dualism

The Force of Good cannot be held accountable and Good will eventually triumph

6

Karma

Present misfortunes are a consequence of some past evil

7

Western philosopher who saw Karma as the most sensible explanation for suffering

Max Weber

8

Christian - 3 possible explanations

Punishment for sin
Test of Faith
Necessary for soul-building

9

Described social ritual as attempt to foster the correct response to suffering

Peter Berger

10

Mystical Participation theory of Lucien Levy-Bruhl

Tribal peoples suffer less from loss because they have less concept of individual identity and they find much comfort in the idea of living on through their children and relatives

11

Two schools of Hebrew thought

Pharisees believed in an afterlife, Sadducees did not

12

Influence of After Life Theory in Europe

Inspired peasant revolts of 11th-16th century

13

Millenarian theodicy

Prediction of 1,000 year reign of Christ in an earthly paradise

14

Another world religion that has a belief similar to Millenarian Christianity

Shi'ite Muslim

15

Antinomian

Religious belief or membership negates civil law

16

John Frum cult

1940s, New Hebrides, urged islanders to get rid of European money and prepare for volcanic event that would restore native rule

17

William Miller

gathered movement devoted to his prophecy that the world would end in 1843 and later 1844

18

3 religions that have belief in After World Relief

Christianity, Islam and Mahayana Buddhism

19

Difference b/w Sh'ia and Sunni Muslims

Shi'ites insist on rule by a blood descendant of Mohammed, Sunnis do not

20

4 schools of thought with belief in Dualism

Zoroastrianism, Mithraism, Manichaenism, Gnosticism

21

Samsara

Wheel of rebirth, reincarnation

22

Karma

law of cause and effect

23

Dharma

law appropriate to a person's status in life, caste duties

24

Theravada Buddhism grew out of ...

Hinduism

25

Theravada Buddhism is a radical doctrine of ...

Karma. Consequences inescapable.

26

Theravada Buddhism does not include ...

concepts of gods, demons, saviors, cosmologies, heaven or hell

27

Philosopher who wrestled with concept of God's goodness vs God's power

David Hume

28

5 supporters for the concept of "soul-building"

St Irenaeus (1st-2nd c ad)
Friedrich Schleirmacher (17th-18th c)
John Hick
Job, Old Testament
Islam

29

Hick's Negative Theodicy

A world free from evil could not operate by any natural laws that we could cope with and would contain no incentives for effort

30

Islamic theodicy

Submission to the will of Allah teaches patience and endurance

31

Christian theodicy

Suffering has a place in God's long range purposes

32

Whitehead and Hartshorne "Process Philosophy"

All reality, including God, consists of process and change. No being can wholly determine the being of something else

33

Theodicy of Protest

Sees the position of "God in the Dock" as an expression of serious belief in God

34

Monophisist

Jesus was God but appeared to be man

35

Arianism

Jesus born human but later elevated to a higher order

36

Incarnational

Jesus both fully human and fully divine

37

Marxism

Economics controls everything, sense of alienation and loss of control endemic to capitalism

38

Freud

sexual frustration the key to man's ills

39

Plato

ignorance the key to man's ills

40

Stoicism

There is a Good Order underlying worldly chaos.

41

Apathaeia

Stoic concept of indifference to the vagaries of circumstance

42

Sin, narrow sense

"Do's and don'ts"

43

Sin, broad sense

Perversion of the will and tendency to make gods out of our desires

44

St Augustine's 2 forces behind human history

amor sui - love of self
amor dei - love of God

45

St Augustine's focus of study

Memory, nature of the will, process of interpretation, conquest of ignorance

46

Original school of Buddhism

Theravada

47

4 Noble Truths

Life is suffering
Origin of suffering is desire
Suffering ends when desire ends
Understanding and acceptance of the 3 Truths leads to the 8-Fold Path

48

8-Fold Path

A C E I L M S V
Right action, concentration, effort, intention, livelihood, mindfulness, speech, view