Anatomy: Digestive Flashcards


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created 9 years ago by Inna
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1

gastrin

stimulates motility of GI tract

2

chief

-gastric cells
-secrete pepsinogen

3

pancreas

secretes digestive enzymes from small intestine

4

lipase

secreted by pancreas

5

amylase

carbs

6

micelles

product of fatty acid abosorption

7

intrinsic factor

made in stomach

8

glucose

mainly for ATP production

9

amino acids

form enzymes & hormones

10

cellular respiration

produces ATP

11

pyruvic acid

end product of glycolysis

12

glycolysis

occurs in cytoplasm

13

Acetyl coenzyme A

outcome of the decarboxylation of pyruvic avid

14

oxidation

involves removal of electrons

15

kreb cycle products

carbon dioxide, NADH, ATP

16

glucose catabolism

glycolysis, Krebs, electron transport chain

17

HighDensityLipoprotein HDL

moves cholesterol to liver for degradation

18

minor calyx

receives urine from collecting ducts

19

major calyx

empties urine directly into renal pelvis

20

interlobar artery

found in the renal columns

21

nephrons

found mostly in cortex

22

podocytes

found in glomerular capsule

23

found in normal filtrate

sodium, potassium, urea

24

abnormal in filtrate

albumin

25

afferent arterioles constrict

increase in systemic BP

26

angiotensin ll

reduces glomerular filtration rate

27

proximal convoluted tubule

reabsorbs most of the nutrients from filtrate

28

urine

sodium, potassium, urea

29

ADH

allows collecting ducts to be permeable to water